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Symbian Operating System
Symbian is designed by Symbian Ltd, a proprietary OS. Symbian is mobile operating system. It is an open source operating system. Symbian operating system is based on a high integration level with communication and PIMfunctionality. It is platform for wireless communication with the middleware (software which gives services to software apps apart from OS). It works on integration of Java and Personal Information Management. Symbian Ltd was found as a partnership of Nokia, Ericson, Psion and Motorola. This OS is open for third party software vendors, network operators and Symbian OS licensees. Currently, Symbian is mostly used in Nokia devices.
History of Symbian Operating System:
David Potter founded Psion in 1980 and launched world’s first handheld computer Psion Organizer in 1984. Psion introduced the EPOC Operating System in 1991. In 1997, it launched the first 32 bit palmtop EPOC 32. In June 1998, four mobile device manufacturers Nokia, Motorola, Ericson and Psion established Symbian . After this, the EPOC OS was known as Symbian OS. Later on in September 2000, Version 6 was launched of Symbian for its software platform licensees. Then world’s first Symbian OS phone Ericson R380 Smartphone was launched in November 2000. In June, 2001Nokia launched world’s first open Symbian OS phone as Nokia 9210 Communicator. In the November of the same year, Nokia again launched S60. It was licensable UI for the Symbian . Nokia introduced the Nokia 7650 based on Nokia S60 design, the first 2.5G Symbian phone which was the first mass market phone. In February 2002, Symbian UIQ (User Interface Quartz) was developed for the operating system. Samsung got the license from Symbian for its Smartphones. Nokia launched the first Media Phone with TV based on the new ‘Series 90’, the Nokia 7700. In February 2004, OS 8.0 version was announced. By the end of the year, Symbian operating system was pioneer in the mobile market. The major mobile manufacturing companies such as Nokia, Ericson, Motorola, Samsung etc all were developing Symbian enabled devices. In this February 2004, next version of the OS Symbian v9 was launched.
The Symbian operating platform is a multitasking object oriented system. All the applications can be used parallel with greater performance with minimal battery demand. Symbian OS uses high technologies for applications to be portable, interoperable, fast and robust. The OS is based on microkernel approach.
Symbian Operating System defeat: Market Study
Nokia remained the biggest supporter of Symbian . The company manufactured millions of devices based on this OS. Both the companies were leading the mobile phone market during the early 2000s. Later on Symbian experienced a downfall in the market and it lost its dominance. Symbian lost its dominance due to a number of factors. Some of these factors are listed below:
Introduction of New operating Systems: Symbian was the most usable OS in the market till 2000s. The major mobile devices manufacturers were its caretakers. But after 2000, Symbian experienced a slow decrease in its value. It was due to the introduction of new operating systems. Android and iOS gave it a big competition and against which Symbian lost its race.
Change in the Market: Due to introduction of Androidand iOS, the mobile market was changed. These operating systems developed high tech Smartphones, which were far ahead of the Symbian technology. This changing market environment brought challenges to the Symbian . It went through many revisions and modification but could not manage to stay in the fierce competition.
Customer’s preference: Market change depends on customers also. Symbian has a long run in the mobile market for starting from late 80s. The customers got tired of the same system. And they looked for a change. This change was better served by Android, iOS and other OSes. These operating system became the mainstream mobile operating systems in the market. Symbian OS could not quickly meet out the changing needs. The Symbian phones were replaced by Android phones, iPhone, windows phones etc.
Nokia also experienced a fall in its growth due to this change. Later in 2011, Nokia moved to Microsoft for Windows phones, leaving Symbian . It was told that a typical Symbian mobile device used to consume at least 22 months of development processing time, which was far more as compared to windows phones, less than a year. Presently, Accenture is the caretaker of Symbian.
Symbian is almost dead now, out of the market. Nokia is said to be the reason. Nokia made announcement in its fourth quarter financial results that the Pureview 808 would be the last phone device of the company on Symbian OS. Around 2007-08, the market was flooded with touch screen multitasking OS devices. This made Symbian out of the market competition. Symbian is out the market now. Nokia has got a stronger relationship with Microsoft, though years back, Symbian was the key factor in the company's success. Nokia launched its Microsoft Windows phones Lumia, leaving Symbian .