Socio Cultural Environment Oz Assignment

Socio Cultural Environment Oz Assignment

Socio Cultural Environment Oz Assignment

Socio-cultural factors affecting international students

There is a high number of international students in Australia, and the name of the students has been in the rise over the current years. Australia has a good reputation in the education system, therefore, attracting higher degree research students from across the globe. Research has shown that international students face a wide range of socio-cultural difficulties in learning and trying to fit in the new environment, which has a critical stand on their levels of satisfaction with their studies. This paper will research the experiences and perceptions of international students using a mixed research approach in six different countries in Australia. The investigation concluded that the most aspects affecting the grades of the international students are not academic. Instead, there are factors like language, interaction with the community service and making friends, different cultural norms, homesickness, and keeping up with the current trends as the significant challenges faced. A discussion of how the Australian Education sector can support international students was discussed.

The problem statement

Sociocultural factors are the values, characters, and customs that are associated with a particular society. The cultural aspects of society are; language, the rule of law, political aspects, religious affiliation, technology, attitudes and values, and social organizations. An understanding of the sociocultural factors affecting international students is essential for the educational set up in Australia. This understanding of the sociocultural challenges will help in making Australia the most preferred education destination in the world. Although there is research which has been done about the sociocultural challenges facing international students, there has not been many conclusions on the aspect. This research aims to find the specific social-cultural factors that affects international students during their stay in the foreign land. In this research paper, the focus is on international students living in six countries in Australia.

Research questions

The main aim of this study is to come up with a solution to the sociocultural challenges facing international students living in Australia. The primary focus of this paper is on the education sector of Australia. The outcome of the study and analysis is based on a period of four years and of students living in six different countries in Australia selected randomly. This research aim at answering the following questions:

1. How does culture shock affect the outcome of the education of international students?
2. What are the difficulties and challenges that international students face in the course of learning?
3. How can the experience of these international students provide suggestions to the education sector of Australia?

The justification of the study

Previous research shows that sociocultural aspects are not so challenging for it is said ‘‘when you go to Rome behave like Romans’’ there is a minimal study on the socio and cultural elements that affect the daily lives of international students studying in Australia. Research by (Andrade, 2006) only focuses on the challenges faced by international students in English speaking countries which is purely a linguistic study. There is a need for research on the significant sociocultural aspects that affect international students at large. The language barrier is not the only sociocultural aspect that affects the international students. Thus, this research will focus on coming up solutions to the challenges affecting the students studying internationally.

All the research questions asked will be answered with a basis to the data collected, the findings of the research and the analysis for the results. The research findings will be a vital source of the solution to the education sector of Australia. This research will benefit the end users in coming up with a solution to tackle the challenges facing sociocultural challenges of students studying in Australia hence improving the students stay in Australia.

Hypothesis setting

Sociocultural factors definition and importance

Sociocultural factors are the values, characters, and customs that are associated with a particular society. The cultural aspects of society are; language, the rule of law, political aspects, religious affiliation, technology, attitudes and values, and social organizations. These factors are very critical in the daily life and interaction of the students studying abroad. The socio-cultural aspects will affect the results of the students in international countries. There is a significant concern about the factors that may either bring poor or excellent performances to international students. The sociocultural factors affect the student regarding lack of sense of belonging hence affecting their performance.

The impacts of socio-cultural factors.

Many authors have studied the effects of language as the central sociocultural aspect affecting international students. The sociocultural challenge is a full field of study and has a lot regarding the factors and the effects each poses to international students. Eight percent of students studying internationally are affected by the sociocultural shock and are not able to perform as expected during their study course. These factors hinder them from enjoying the freedom of belonging and also having fun at the foreign land in the course of their study. An estimate shows that the number of international students in Australia is over half a million, Australia has been the preferred education hub for Asian students, recently there is a significant increase of international students from European countries and Northern America. All these students face similar problems to do with the culture shock, and customs of Australia. Socio-cultural challenges are universal problems which every student face when they are studying in a foreign land.

The sociocultural factors

Culture shock

Students can feel very much isolated if they are in an entirely new environment with different surroundings, Australia enjoys a western culture although it is located in the eastern hemisphere. International students coming from the United States of America and the United Kingdom may not feel anything close to isolation, but those international students coming from Africa, Asia, and Europe may suffer from culture shock. International students affected by culture shock may experience withdrawal symptoms, impaired sleeping patterns, loneliness, and homesick. A significant number of international students suffer lack of proper accommodation in the foreign land hence making the situation even worse more than it is initially.

Language barrier

‘many international students lack English ass their first language, although, to get an Australian visa one must have qualified the English proficiency test, there is still difficulty in understanding the Australian accent, idioms, abbreviations and different styles of speech. This possess a problem to international students who will have a problem following the professor in class and even interacting with the people in any context.

Social interactions and different cultural norms

Making new friends can be a difficult task, and the first day in a foreign institution of learning can be traumatizing. Every country hold different cultures and making a step of adapting to different cultures is still hard, Australian slang language is difficult to understand and may cause the students feel incompetent and in the wrong place.

Homesickness

Everybody will miss home if they are away from home especially when it is miles away and across oceans. International student have the problem of losing home and feel like they are giving up the education to go back to their country of origin. It is essential to let the students join associations and clubs with members from their land so that they do feel alone.

Hypothesis development

   

Hypothesis 1

Ho: Culture shock does not have any effect on the lives of international student.

H1: Culture shock affects the lives of international students.

Hypothesis 2

Ho: There are no sociocultural challenges faced by international student

H1: There are sociocultural changes faced by international students

Hypothesis 3

Ho: There is no significant correlation between the sociocultural challenges and the performance of international students.

H1: There is a significant correlation between the sociocultural challenges and the performance of international students.

Hypothesis 4

Ho: There is no significant difference between students studying locally and international students.

H1: There is a significant difference of students studying locally and those studying internationally.

Hypothesis 5

Ho: Language Barrier does not affect the life of international students

H1: Language barrier affects the growth of international students.

Research methodology

Research source of data

During research projects, data collection is one of the most crucial aspects to make the research a success. This study will use quantitative research methodology. It is essential to collect data using the right challenges and methods to have wrong data hence wrong analysis and findings. For this research to run, there was primary need to identify the international students from Australia and the samples were taken from the six countries across Australia selected randomly. Data was collecting through several means of talking to the international students, distributing questionnaires and also talking to the head of departments from the universities to find out the challenges that the students report to the office on daily basis.

Data collection and analysis methods

1. The population of the study

The target population is over half a million, but a sample population of two hundred students from each country in the six countries represented was taken.

2. Sampling

The method of sampling for this research is used including students who are in their final years of student and those in the initial years of study. The number of participating countries is six across Australia.

3. Variables

The primary reason of this study is to tell the sociocultural challenges faced by international students. There is an expectation of the adverse effects of the sociocultural factors affecting international students. Therefore, the dependent variable is the effects on the lives and performance of the international students. The independent variable is the sociocultural aspects facing international students.

The research will be done based on quantitative research methodology, and so there will be an analysis of the sociocultural aspects affecting international students. Several tests will be conducted to show the effects of the sociocultural aspects on the lives of the students on the six countries participating.

Organization of the study

The study structure will be as follows:

1. Chapter one is the research proposal
2. Section two will illustrate the Australian significant universities hosting international students
3. Chapter three will have the details of the research methodology, previous research done in the area of study, surveys, and data collection methods
4. Chapter four will report on the research findings and the analysis of the study.
5. Chapter five will summarize the significant findings of the study and give adequate recommendations on how to improve the situation.
6. Budget allocation for the research project
7. The estimated budget for this research project is $3800 which will enable the project delivery within the stipulated time ass it is in the Gantt chart
8. The budget will be in use for the following sections of the research project;

The literature review of the project that involves primarily reviewing other research papers which has been done before and collecting as much information as possible for the area of study. The literature review will include getting information from books, journals, and online sites which are not free. The cost of the literature review will be a rough estimate of around $800

There will be need to purchase data from secondary sources which has a budget of about $2200 Data analysis has a budget of around $800

Objective

Estimate in figures

Literature review

$800

Data collection

$2200

Data analysis

$800

Total cost estimated

$3800

Schedule

Task

Time taken

Starting day

Finish day

predecessors

Initial research about sociocultural factors affecting international students

5 days

   

1

Literature review

7 days

   

2

Collection of secondary data and stating dependent and independent variables

5 days

   

2

Contacting the chosen universities in the six countries through phone calls and emails

14 days

     

Developing conceptual frame work and research methodology

3 days

   

5,3,4

Revisiting the literature review

4 days

   

6

Submission of the proposal

0 days

   

7

Data analysis using statistical tools

30 days

   

6

Important quantitative data analysis

4 days

   

9

Final reporting

9 days

   

10

Final submission

0 days

   

11

Gantt chart

ACTIVITY/

TIME IN WEEKS

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

 

Initial research about sociocultural factors affecting international students

 

                                                               

Literature review

                                                                 

Collection of secondary data and stating dependent and independent variables

                                                                 

Contacting the chosen universities in the six countries through phone calls and emails

                                                                 

Developing conceptual frame work and research methodology

                                                                 

Revisiting the literature review

                                                                 

Submission of the proposal

                                                                 

Data analysis using statistical tools

                                                                 

Important quantitative data analysis

                                                                 

Final reporting

                                                                 

Final submission

                                                                 

References

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2. Baohua Yu & Ewan Wright (2016) Socio-cultural adaptation, academic adaptation and satisfaction of international higher degree research students in Australia, Tertiary Education and Management, 22:1, 49-64.
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7. Furnham, A., & Bochner, S. (1982). Social difficulty in a foreign culture:
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9. Hendrickson, B., Rosen, D., & Aune, R. K. (2011). An analysis of friendship networks, social connectedness, homesickness, and satisfaction levels of international students. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 35(3), 281-295.
10. Kudo, K., & Simkin, K. A. (2003). Intercultural friendship formation:
11. The case of Japanese students at an Australian university. Journal of intercultural studies, 24(2), 91-114.
12. Sawir, E., Marginson, S., Deumert, A., Nyland, C., & Ramia, G. (2008).
13. Loneliness and international students: An Australian study. Journal of studies in international education, 12(2), 148-180.
14. Smith, R. A., & Khawaja, N. G. (2011). A review of the acculturation experiences of international students. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 35(6), 699-713.
15. Searle, W., & Ward, C. (1990). The prediction of psychological and sociocultural adjustment during cross-cultural transitions. International journal of intercultural relations, 14(4), 449-464.
16. Summers, M., & Volet, S. (2008). Students’ attitudes towards culturally mixed groups on international campuses: impact of participation in diverse and non?diverse groups. Studies in higher education, 33(4), 357-370.
17. Volet, S. E., & Ang, G. (1998). Culturally mixed groups on international campuses:
18. An opportunity for inter?cultural learning. Higher education research & economic development, 17(1), 5-23.
19. Ward, C., & Kennedy, A. (1993). Psychological and socio-cultural adjustment during cross-cultural transitions: A comparison of secondary students overseas and at home.
20. International journal of psychology, 28(2), 129-147