Organizational Culture and Management Oz Assignments

Organizational Culture and Management Oz Assignments

Organizational Culture and Management Oz Assignments

Management Theory #1:Administrative Management

Describe the management theory (making links to theoretical literature)

Administrative management refers to the management approaches that are related to the development of the concerned principle that have been influential in the proper co-ordination of the internal activities of the concerned business organisation. The administrative management theory tends to discuss a proper rational design for the organisational design in totality. The administrative theory of management aims for a formalization of the structure of administration within the organisation. The theory further discusses a clarity in the structure of the organisation as well as in the division of the labour within the organisational behaviour workforce (Parker, 2016). The concerned management theory further discusses the matters that are related to the proper delegation of the authority and the power to the organisational administrators. The theory states that the designated authority as well as the power should bear relevance and must resemble the responsibilities that are vested in the concerned administrator. The theory was proposed by Henri Fayol and might be implemented in any organisation all over the world. The theory involves the implementation of several important concepts which might include the broader categories like the formalization of the structure of the organisation in discussion. The theory of administrative management is observed to have been dealing with the matters that related to the division of the work among the employees of the organisation (Vargas-Hernández & Moreno, 2015). The theory also discusses the implementations of the authority as well as the responsibility of the employees towards the organisation. The theory also helps in the maintenance and the implementation of the discipline within the concerned organisation.

Provide evidence/examples of how you see this management theory being implemented in your focus agency

The implementation of the theory of administrative management within the given focus group would have helped me in the matters that are related to the proper administration of the focus agency that I have been serving, the community centre. The concerned community centre might benefit from the implementation of the administrative theory through the proper discussion on the maintenance of the discipline (Hatchuel & Segrestin, 2018). The implementation of the theory might help inthe proper delegation of the authority and the power to the organisational administrators. The implementation of the theory would also help in the depiction of the relevance and resemblance of the power responsibilities that are vested in the concerned administrators of the community centre. This would in turn help in the proper management of the various activities of the community centre like the proper conduction of the educational classes on English as well as information technology. The implementation of the theory would help in the matters that are related to the involvement of the various members of the society in the activities of the community centre. The implementation of the theory would also help in the matters that are related to the division of the work among the employees of the organisation (Thompson, 2017). The implementation of the concerned theory would help in the proper maintained of the organisational hierarchy. The implementation of the theory will also help in the solution of the issues within the hierarchy through the proper discussion on the formalisation of the structure of the discussed community centre.

Critically analyse (1) the benefits and (2) the challenges of this management approach

Th advantages of the concerned organisation lies in the comprehensive nature of the theory. It is one of the most comprehensive ways to deal with the several techniques of management within the administration of the concerned organisation. The administrative management theory is one of the most popularly utilised theories in the matters that are related to the organisational management. The concerned theory aims to discuss all the various factors that are related to the management of a business organisation. The application of the concerned theory generally ensures the proper success in the operations of the concerned organisation (Oghojafor & Ofuani, 2015). The application of the theory also helps in the evolution of the concerned organisation. The theory helps in the demonstration of the proper administration within the organisation therefore dealing with the proper implementation of labour specialization within the concerned organisation.

The major disadvantages of the management theory lie in the fact that the concerned theory is a mainly based on the applications by the humans. The theory heavily rests on the matters that are related to the harmonious conditions within the given industry. The concerned theory also finds major areas of disadvantages due to the differences in the perceptions that are shared by the several managers within the given organisation (Waldo, 2017). This leads to the minimal level of consideration of the feelings that are shared by the various employees of the organisation. The other key disadvantage of the theory lies in the difficulty in the achievement of the ideal situation wherein the employee c omits to the organisation for a whole life time.

Management Theory #2:Theory X and Theory Y

Describe the management theory (making links to theoretical literature)

The Theory X and Theory Y was developed by Douglas McGregor in the year 1960. The theory majorly relates to the two different styles of management that are followed within the organisation. The theory X refers to the authoritarian theory while the theory Y refers to the participative theory. The propounder of the theory explains that the concerned management of the organisation should implement the theory according to the conditions that are evident within the given business organisation. The theory X is considered to depict the pessimistic view of the managerial department towards the employees of the organisation. The theory X should be implemented within the organisation wherein the members of the workforce of the organisation display the unwillingness to work or have been exhibiting a lack of motivation. The theory X tends to believe that the concerned members of the management needs to implement the reward policies as well as the punishment policies within the organisation in order to get the employees to perform their own duties in a proper manner (Banner, 2016). The system implementation of the theory X reveals that the concerned employees must receive appraisals and remunerations on the basis of their performance towards the improvement of the company in the given industry. The theory Y on the other hand deals that the optimistic view of the managerial department towards the employees of the organisation. The theory Y states that the organisations should abide by the decentralised and the participative style of management (Gürbüz, ?ahin & Köksal, 2014). This helps in the formation of a relation that is based on the trust and the collaboration between the managerial department of the organisation and the employees of the organisation.

Provide evidence of how you see this management theory being implemented in your focus agency

The concerned community centre might implement the theory X and theory Y in the matters that pertain to the overall performance of the organisation. The community centre might implement the theory X in order to monitor the performance of the organisation i8n the various fields like the adult education in the various courses like those on English, Information technology as well as the other vocational course like the sewing, cooking and other such things. The application of the theory X might lead to the implementation of the motivation towards the concerned employees within the community centre. This might help in the improvement of the overall performance of the concerned community centre (Khorasani & Almasifard, 2017). The reward policies as well as the punishment policies within the organisation should be implemented according to the theory X in order to get the employees to perform their own duties in a proper manner. The management of the community centre might also implement the theory Y within the departments of the organisation that deal with the distribution of the food boxes and parcels among the several disadvantaged people who are not so privileged to afford meals. The theory Y also helps in the development of the decentralised and the participative style of management (Liu, 2016). This would be helpful in the formation of a relation that is based on the trust and the collaboration between the managerial department of the community centre and the employees of the community centre.

Critically analyse (1) the benefits and (2) the challenges of this management approach

The major advantages of McGregor’s theory X and Theory Y of motivation is the fact that the theories are easily understandable. The theory helps the concerned managers to focus their thoughts on the numerous ways in which the concerned employees of the organisation might serve the company (Prottas & Nummelin, 2018). The theory is also advantageous in the matters since there is a clarity of the expectations of the concerned employees within the organisation. The implementations of the concerned theory help in the fastness of the decisions within the organisation in discussion.

The major limitations of McGregor’s theory X and Theory Y of motivation leads to the hostility and the distrust among the employees of the organisation. The authoritarian nature of the organizational management as depicted within the Theory X leads to the presence of a number of manager due to the involvement of a just amount of coercion and threat towards the employee of organisation. The overtly threatening nature of the management might lead to the dissatisfaction among the employees of the organisation (Peachey et al., 2015). This might lead to the tensing conditions within the workforce of the organisation since the employees would need to save themselves from the threats from the management of the organisation. The theory Y on the other hand is tough to maintain in the conditions of the reality due to the righteous and the ideal nature of the theory.

References for Theory 1

1. Hatchuel, A., & Segrestin, B. (2018). A century old and still visionary: Fayol's innovative theory of management. European Management Review.
2. Oghojafor, B. E. A., & Ofuani, A. B. (2015). Traditional System Management Philosophies and Practises: The Case of the Esans of Edo State of Nigeria. Journal of Management3(1), 50-58.
3. Parker, L. D. (2016). The global Fayol: contemporary management and accounting traces. Entreprises et histoire, (2), 51-63.
4. Thompson, J. D. (2017). Organizations in action: Social science bases of administrative theory. Routledge.
5. Vargas-Hernández, J. G., & Moreno, A. S. (2015). Paradigm Shift In The Management School From Traditional To An Eclectic Approach Of Administrative Management. International Journal, (2), 51.
6. Waldo, D. (2017). The administrative state: A study of the political theory of American public administration. Routledge.

References for Theory 2

1. Banner, D. K. (2016). Book Review: Reinventing Organizations: A Guide to Creating Organizations Inspired by the Next Stage in Human Consciousness by Frederic Laloux. Journal of Social Change8(1), 7.
2. Gürbüz, S., ?ahin, F., & Köksal, O. (2014). Revisiting of Theory X and Y: A multilevel analysis of the effects of leaders’ managerial assumptions on followers’ attitudes. Management Decision52(10), 1888-1906.
3. Khorasani, S. T., & Almasifard, M. (2017). Evolution of management theory within 20 century: A systemic overview of paradigm shifts in management. International Review of Management and Marketing7(3), 134-137.
4. Liu, X. (2016). Motivation management of project-based learning for business english adult learners. International Journal of higher education5(3), 137.
5. Peachey, J. W., Zhou, Y., Damon, Z. J., & Burton, L. J. (2015). Forty years of leadership research in sport management: A review, synthesis, and conceptual framework. Journal of Sport Management29(5), 570-587.
6. Prottas, D. J., & Nummelin, M. R. (2018). Theory X/Y in the Health Care Setting: Employee Perceptions, Attitudes, and Behaviors. The health care manager37(2), 109-117