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According to Brewer (2010), servant leadership is the ideology that considers the self-interest of the human behavior with its uniqueness. Servant leadership is preferred in the organization in an effective manner that helps to serve the need of the employees as well as the organization. Greenleaf stated that each and every leader is a servant to the people to whom he has taken the position of a leader. Controlling of the followers can only be possible by becoming a servant leader. In his opinion servant is the person who serve other people and always prefer to provide them a priority. There is also the difference between the servant first and leader first. If the leader works with the mindset of servant first approach then there are more chances for the betterment of the followers. In another essay of Greenleaf, he stated that a society can effectively be built if leader care for the people and takes into consideration for their needs (Brewer, 2010). In this essay servant leadership is explained in an effective manner. This is done by showcasing the various aspect that can lead towards the better and effective servant leadership in the organization as well as society. Apart from that it merits and demerits also presented in it. Modern organization is also affected by this style of leadership which is illustrated in this essay. The recommendations are also provided in this essay for the better implementation of servant leadership in the organization.
Servant Leadership is to serve first. The person who serves first and intends to serve first plays a role in servant leadership. In the words of Dierendonck (2011), servant leadership has the most important characteristics which are going beyond one’s self-interest. It is the core characteristics of servant leadership which brings it to a central position of servant leadership theory (Dierendonck, 2011). Leadership includes the followers and in servant leadership the leader creates an opportunity in an organization to grow its followers. Further, Dierendonck (2011), stated that unlike other leadership styles, servant leadership aims at enhancing the followers and organizations growth. Greenleaf stated that servant leader is one who does not use the power to get his work done but by his skills convince the staff to complete the work. Servant leadership is the great example for a healthy organization. According to Dierendonck (2011), the servant leader is motivated to work to serve and not to enhance power influence at the workplace. The power can also be used for betterment of an organization and its people. Servant leadership majorly focuses on the growth of employees and the organization in the most beneficial way (Dierendonck, 2011).
Leadership skills are not completely developed in a person it has to be developed along with time. The leaders should have various qualities to provide effective leading to the followers. The followers are the people who follow the same path as of their leaders. This makes the leaders liable to show the correct path to the followers. Servant leadership is based on to serve first which is to initiate and make the followers learn about the growth of organizations and people. Spears (2010), stated that for being the best servant leadership the ten important characteristics must be there in a person. The first characteristics that a person should have for being a servant leadership is effective listening. The person should bear empathy. For an effective servant leader, the person should include the healing ability to help make whole (Spears, 2010).
In the discussion with Spears (2010), it is observed that the awareness about the world and issues makes the leadership enriched. Persuasion brings the effective leadership in servant leader. He view and opinion of a person should be conceptualized and should have the ability to forecast situations. Trust is the important feature which a leader must have on its team and staff. The servant leadership as working towards the growth of the organization as well as staff. The commitment towards them and following the rules to gain it is the quality that the person should bear. The essential consideration that the person should consider is the local community or the surroundings (Spears, 2010).
Everything in a life is not easily accessible. Fighting and understanding its importance is very important to attain anything. Servant leadership is the skill which a person needs to develop. The servant leadership has the advantages as well as disadvantages. Liden et.al, (2014), explains that the positive and negative aspects are required to be in knowledge of better decision making and effective leading. Some of the advantages which servant leadership helps to gain are that it is a positive way of thinking. It has the long-term concept of whole life as well as work. The treatment of the employees is provided exemplary treatment in an organization which is to depict or set the examples for the employees to feel them equally and not exploited. This is the effective approach to a servant leadership to make employees comfortable and motivated. Servant leadership also provides the trust to the employees and to the greater innovation and speed. The servant leadership has the benefit of trust providing leaders (Liden, et.al, 2014). The employees are identified completely in an organization due to this approach. This approach helps in gaining the employees satisfaction to an organization. The cultures in the corporate structure also developed immensely through servant leaderships. The importance of the employees and the people of an organization as well as leaders are equal. The inferiority is eliminated and this leadership skill provides the sense of caring leadership qualities in leaders. The importance and benefit of servant leadership are that the respect to the staff or employees of an organization is more influential in increasing the performance in the same (Liden, et.al, 2014).
Disadvantages and demerits of servant leadership are very much influenced it. According to Searle and Barbuto (2010), the demerits of servant leadership that it is the long term procedure and needs time to apply this leadership in an organization. This time needs to develop the habit of all others in an organization to improve their status in caring and influencing qualities. Servant leadership also sometimes failed in maintaining the control over the team as the intention to serve is more important than power. This enhances the conflicts in an organization (Searle and Barbuto, 2010).
In the words of Schmitz (2013), Richard Murphy was one of the leaders who practiced servant leadership which impacted in an effective manner in the society as well as in organization. He has run many schools in community centers after school hours which was adopted by many schools through the US. These schools were termed as Community Learning Centre. He also contributed by creating free programs for the low-income families to provide them assistance. This program helped more than 30,000 youth every year. This program provides all the necessary support required in for economic security to the families. There are certain aspects that can be learned from such type of leader. The leader is required to develop another leader along with supporting them for the greater good. Murphy mentored other people to provide them required assistance without coming in the spotlight. A good servant leader is one who takes chances on other people. Murphy supports and takes chances on people despite other opinion on those matters. The leader is required to break the orthodox ideas and required to think out of the box. Richard works very hard to bring changes in the system. He always believed that government possesses enough resources that would help them to help the people. He always fights for the social equity and justice. A good servant leader is one who scales various ideas to improve the life if people or followers. Richard possesses various ideas that were molded by various people but still he do not care about the intellectual property rights. He only wanted the betterment of its followers (Schmitz, 2013).
Barnabas and Clifford (2012), views that Mahatma Gandhi was the father of nation where the greatest nation is India. The servant leadership is not something which is a new concept. The servant leadership includes the various models and examples from different countries of the world. This concept is old and is adopted by some people. The Indian model of servant leadership is Mahatma Gandhi who became a good example of servant leadership (Barnabas and Clifford, 2012). In the further discussion with Barnabas and Clifford (2012), it is analyzed that the servant leadership is the approach which has been understood by Mahatma Gandhi on the various qualities that they had. Mahatma Gandhi has shaped the country like India where the existence of various different cultures and people from a different background can be seen. The qualities of servant leadership are those which are inbuilt in Mahatma Gandhi. There is six-dimensional behavioral model on Mahatma Gandhi (Barnabas and Clifford, 2012).
This model includes voluntary subordination in which the words of Barnabas and Clifford (2012), expressed that Mahatma Gandhi is the symbol of service to mankind. He promoted the service rather than power. Voluntary subordination provided Gandhi two qualities which are being a servant and combined with services. Being a servant is the quality which makes the person a servant first and not the leader. The person who prepares himself as servant provides proper leadership in that context. Acts of service are the quality which Mahatma Gandhi possessed which shows that the person is ready to serve to others first and increase the capability of improving the world by convincing other people. Mahatma Gandhi provided the example of Authentic Self. Authentic self-provides that the servant leaders are capable of leading authentically. This aspect of servant leadership is very effective as the various aspects such as humility integrity, accountability, security, and vulnerability. Servant leadership is the concept with immense features and deep explanations. The qualities which enhance the concept of servant leadership and features of Mahatma Gandhi is Covenantal Relationship (Barnabas and Clifford, 2012).
Barnabas and Clifford (2012), also said that this quality fosters genuine, and lasting relationships which are the most effective way of providing the trust among others. This includes collaborations, equality, availability and acceptance to build covenantal relationships. Servant leadership also includes responsible morality in which the explanation of moral actions, moral reasoning are detailed. Mahatma Gandhi also impacts the world with his quality of Transcendental Spirituality. This quality includes the feature of making life better. The inner conviction in a leader to live life truthfully without violence is being promoted by this quality. The various aspects are religiousness, interconnectedness, sense of mission, and wholeness. Transforming influence is the quality which can only be in a leader. This quality is one which makes person a leader. The transforming influence is one which involves trust, mentoring, empowerment, vision and modelling (Barnabas and Clifford, 2012).
In the words of Melchar and Bosco (2010), the values and ideas develop by the leader in the organization help in its success in an effective manner. In the servant leadership, there is the great importance of the mission and vision that are required to be fulfilled by the organization leader with the support of the employees.
In the servant leadership, the leader has to perform the task by positioning himself in the role of a servant. The servant leader considers the needs and aims others and tries to fulfill the same within its capacity. A service leader works towards the well-being along with development to meet the common goals of the organization. Apart from that, in this leadership style, a leader is required to make the distance from using enormous powers and influences rather focus towards the employees. This can be done by empowering and encouraging them. With this leadership model, the main focus of the leader is towards motivating the employees along with concentrating on the financial performance of the organization. This leadership model is different from the traditional model that encourages followers to showcase their abilities in an effective manner.
There is criticism faced by this model of leadership as it is a long term approach which required an excessive amount of time and efforts. It is also treated as anecdotal in nature. But still, it is more preferred as it serves as an antidote toward the corruption in the organization. It also helps in the promotion of the IT-based economy along with the process-oriented style of leadership. So this leadership model helps in the development of the organization (Melchar and Bosco, 2010).
According to Abid et.al (2015), trust is the important factor that constitutes in the success of servant leadership in the modern organization. With the success of servant leadership in the organization, employees try to serve the organization beyond its legal obligation. It helps the leader to become the role model for the employees in the organization. All this aspect help in building the harmonious environment in the area of business. Therefore, servant leadership helps the organization to serve the employees by developing the trustworthiness by creating a better environment for the employees in the organization. With the servant leadership style, management for the organization become easy. The successful implementation of this leadership style turns employees into followers along with their development in an effective manner (Abid et.al, 2015).
Brewer (2010), said that servant leadership and job satisfaction goes together in an organization. Employees are much more secured with the servant leadership approach. The servant leadership provides the improvement in the organizational and employees productivity. The approach to servant leadership provides the improved employee retention. The servant leadership provides the enhanced company’s market value (Brewer, 2010). The servant leadership and the followers have a relationship between them. Further, it is studied that servant leadership has the ability to provide the motivational and attitudinal demands of followers. Servant leadership provides the job satisfaction as the leader has the respectful image with the motivational aspects in organizations. The servant leadership increases the employee’s retention as the employees get satisfaction through the various supportive activity of an organization (Brewer, 2010).
Brewer (2010), also stated that the leaders support help from their end to the employees for increasing their contribution to an organization. This leadership also helps in growing the employee’s morale and skills to make them many satisfied employees of an organization. The productivity of the employees can be improved by a servant leadership in an organization with the improved satisfaction. The employees of an organization also working positively towards an organization due to the impact of servant leadership and its motivational attitude in an organization (Brewer, 2010).
As per Bigelow (2015), service leadership is the long term process which required patience and control. So, it becomes important that servant leader is focused as well as compose while working with its followers. Another is the boosting the employees to generate a variety of ideas by encouraging them in an effective manner. But employees learning should also be focused on the servant leader. An effective management must be set up that would help the organization and its employees. This can be done by forming a continuous improvement team. This team can focus on routine maintenance of the system along with recruitment and training. Employees also required to provide training to its employees to develop all their attributes required in the organization. Time management is also required to be taken into account so that important decisions can be made on an immediate basis (Bigelow, 2015). In the opinions of Burger (2014), a balance must be maintained by the servant leader between the team and the organization. Apart from that, all the working must be realistic in the organization. This can be done by setting up the deadlines that can practically be accomplished. This practice would increase the transparency of the organization and trustworthiness can also be scaled in an effective manner. For the better approach towards the servant leadership, a leader must adopt to work as exemplary workers. This can be done by working more in comparison to the followers as it can serve as an example to them. Other than that communication system must be set up by two-way communication manner. This technique would enable a better working as well as reduction of conflict in the organization (Burger, 2014).
With the completion of this essay on the servant leadership a proper analysis is taken into consideration. It can be seen that servant leadership is the important approach that must be considered by the leaders to provide support to its followers effectively. Servant leadership can be implemented in the modern organization. Many modern organization leaders try to adopt this type of leadership style in the organization. This is a better approach as it helps the organization as well as followers to work properly with their development. There are many merits associated with it as this helps in gaining respect from the employees and vice-versa. But still, some disadvantages are associated with it like it is a long term procedure so patience is required from both the sides. Then also if leader prefers to work in the calm and composed manner then this approach can easily be implemented in the organization. This servant method also increases the scope of job satisfaction if put appropriately in the management of the organization. If servant leadership is implemented properly in the organization then the behaviour of the organization can be raised in a positive sense.
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