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IRL3015 Introduction to Peace and Conflict Studies
Peace and Development
The theory of peace as freedom develops some fundamental relationships between peace and development. This theory critically examines the theory of peace as the absence of violence and the theory of development as freedom. Peace and development are two sides of the same coin. The theory was advanced by Amartya Sen which helps in overcoming many problems associated with structural violence form. The theory of john Banner is not clear on the market structure form of violence in relation to peace and development. Peace and development theory is practically is seen in the equitable allocation of resources, economic opportunities, social opportunities, political opportunities, transparency guarantees and the freedom from direct violence. The theory suggests that the pluralist state and all the institutions required for peace as a basic component of freedom are considered. The pluralist state is considered as the best model for maintaining, providing and ensuring peace as freedom. However there are basic implications of causes of violent conflict like the unequal distribution of resources, power and insecurity.
Strengths and weaknesses
According to Galtungs theory on peace and development, there is more to violence than the actual direct violence absence. He said that the structural violence is a Marxist idea and that the violence is caused by direct somatic harm. Systems of unequal power and structure and unequal life, chances are that the humans potential won’t be realized leading to lack of peace and development. Due to violence, a state experiences famine, declining terms of trade, malnutrition, sexual offences and unemployment. People’s chances of having a life of full realized potential is limited.
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