Delivery in day(s): 3
HSC1400 Australian Healthcare System Assignment
1. In the context of the enrolled nurse role what can you tell me about the historical development of the Australian health care system?
A course for nursing was started in Royal Melbourne University by the director of University in late 1930 his attempt was to bring the credential course for nursing in Melbourne. Then afterwards later in 1970 Royal College of Nursing Australia bring a course for Nursing in Australia and termed pioneered it for Diploma of Applied Science which was awarded by the Cumberland College in Sydney and Lincoln Institute in Melbourne. The first person to start Nursing as the profession was Florence Nightingale (Ania González & Martínez Mingo, 2015).
2. Describe some of the issues that impact on health and/ or illness, such as environmental issues, affecting the health of aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and other cultural and community Issues?
A huge gap was seen between the aboriginal people and the Australian people this was seen due to lack of information, environmental factors, lack of access to the health services, genetic factors and various historical reasons (Arcand & Neumann, 2012). It was seen that aboriginal people were dying at the younger age due to the poor knowledge regarding health issues. With the study it was seen that there was a gap of 70% to 15% in the non-communicable diseases in the between indigenous people of Australia and Non-Indigenous people of Australia. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander do not have the effective knowledge of health and social care due to which they have to face the health issues (Arcand & Neumann, 2012).
Aboriginal and Torres Strait people use the food which they get directly from environmental analysis and they eat it in an unhygienic manner due to which they get ill (Bentson & Latayan, 2013). Therefore using unhygienic food is also one of the issues that affect the health of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander People of Australia.
Ques. 3. What does primary health care delivery include?
Primary health care services includes various aspects like providing the general healthcare practitioners for the primary health issues that people face and providing general health care practitioners for the general health issues like detection of the chronic diseases, health services related to dental issues, nursing cares and pathology labs for diagnosis (Arcand & Neumann, 2012). Providing better health services so as to remove all health issues is the ultimate goals for every health care service. According to W.H.O there are five elements which could help in achieving the targeted goal: reducing the exclusion and social disparities from health care (Universal Coverage Reforms; making the arrangements for the health care services according to the needs and expectations of the people (Service delivery reforms) and increasing the participation of the stakeholders in health and social care practices (Bentson & Latayan, 2013).
4. Describe how client health and illness factors impact on nursing practice.
There are various factors which cause problem in the nursing practices such factors are aging of the population and chronic disease cause problem in nursing practices. Ageing is one of the factors which cause issues for the practitioners as while practicing for nursing people who are aged do not get understand the aspects of nursing and unable to provide the information to the practitioners about problem this cause problem for the practitioners as they cannot provide proper set of treatment to the person without having a proper information regarding the problem (Bentson & Latayan, 2013).
5. What are some of the health and illness factors affecting people from countries other than Australia?
Certain factors which affect the health of the people living in other countries are poverty, malnutrition and overpopulation. These are the factor which causes issues in child health care services and causes problem for the health practitioners in other countries. Certain diseases that are being caused due to these factors are nutrition deficiency diseases and poliomyelitis (Clinton & Murrells, 2014).
6. Describe some of the health issues for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People and how these issues impact on health care delivery.
The health of aboriginal people is being affected due to certain factors which are intake of alcohol, petrol snuffing, addiction for smoking, and substance abuse (Arcand & Neumann, 2012).
7. What are the ‘principles of wellnesses?
Principle of wellness is that the wellness is totally an active process in which the patient tries and moves on the verge to improve his or her health so as to obtain the healthy living. It is the process in which coordination of body mind and spirit is necessary as all these three things comes together so as to initiate the person to live healthy (Bentson & Latayan, 2013). The manner in which people feel, think and manage their living can either result to the positive phase of healthy living or to the negative phase of living.
8. Explain the historical and current perspective of the nursing profession.
With the study it was came into existence that historical nursing practices works on the verge of influencing factors to encourage people to live healthy. For Example: Women are traditionally cared for others but often seen in the subsequent roles, seeing the religious orders and imprint of values like the values for sympathy, keeping the duty on priority and working hard, work was termed as worship in those days (Davies & Gould, 2015). It was seen that due to wars the need of nurses got increased. Various social; contributions were being seen in the field of nursing as it could be seen like a noticeable contribution of Florence Nightingale could be found so as to improve the status of nursing.
9. Describe the range of professional Development strategies you could utilise to develop further skills and knowledge in contemporary practices of nursing.
Change is the necessity for every aspect in present scenario and it is necessary that further improvements should be done in concentration with the nursing practices therefore various aspects which could be provided for the improvement of nursing practices are it is necessary to adopt the practices which should fulfil all the aspects of duty of care, recognising all the unsafe practices which can affect the health care operations and removing such kind of unprofessional practices, participating in professional development skills which helps in the development of self nursing practices and for others, conducting various assessments for the nursing practices so as to groom the people doing nursing practices, these are the factors which could be adopted from the national competency standards made for registered nurses 2006 (Arcand & Neumann, 2012).
10. How does the scope of Nursing Practice Decision Making Framework assist you as an Enrolled Nurse?
The main purpose of the framework is to initiate the consistency among all jurisdictions Identification of the basic and agreed foundation principles which would help in the decision making tools which are to be implemented by the nurses in health care (Bradley & Campbell, 2011). Demonstrating applications of various principles and concepts of nursing theory in two professions
11. What processes would you follow or implement to seek employment opportunities in your field of work?
The role that each and every professional body has to play in the profession of nursing are:
- All the nurses and students indulge in the practice should be registered
- Set rule and standard code of conducts should be developed for the profession of nursing
- There should be a regular audit for the complaints, and various issues and disciplinary actions should be taken in relation with complains and issues (Bradley & Campbell, 2011).
- Overseeing the qualification of nursing in Australia
- Bringing the new and innovative standards for the improvement in the education of people in nursing
12. What are the roles of nurse regulatory authorities, industrial and professional bodies?
There is a duty which is provided in nursing which involves all the nurses indulge in the practice should be provided various standards for care of the clients according to which they should care for the clients. These are the standards which are provided by the regulatory bodies which are to be strictly followed by the nurses in profession (Bradley & Campbell, 2011). Any breach in the duty of care could lead into the implication of legal action against the person who has breached the regulations.
13. What are enrolled nurse’s responsibilities in relation to ethical guidelines on areas including?
There are various aspects with the help of which the performance could be improved in the health care workplace, with the help of performance reviews, and evaluation of critical thinking improvement of performance could be done in healthcare practice. Performance review will include review of all the tasks that are to be performed in nursing profession, and evaluating the situation at the time of practice. Various other practices could also be included like evidence based nursing practices in which the questions related with the nursing practices will be asked with the practitioner and on the basis of its past experience the practitioner will have to provide the solution to the question (Narayanasamy & Narayanasamy, 2014). Practicing in the aspects which could help in the professional development would also help like attending various conferences on nursing and various other learning programs with the help of which the knowledge could enhance in relation with nursing practices.
14. In relation to your job role and scope of practice tell me about your understanding of organisational policies, procedures, guidelines and protocols in relation to:
Admitting and Discharging a Client: Admitting and discharging of the client is based on certain procedures and set paths which are necessary to be followed by the people who are related with the organisation. The patient who comes to the organisation has to fill an admission form and have to pay the fees (Arcand & Neumann, 2012). Then the patient will be admitted to the hospital and will be provided a proper treatment. Then at the time of discharge the patient will have to pay for the bills that are generated in relation with the expenses made by the hospital for the treatment of the patient. And then the patient will be discharged from the hospital.
Risk Management: Risk management is the aspect which is related with the organisation as it is important that the risk should be managed by the organisation in an effective manner as there are various people who visit health care. The organisation should provide effective training to the nursing so as to assure that each and every employee should know how to manage the risk. A proper flow of information should be there so as to assure that each and every employee should have the knowledge about the risk management aspect and how to manage the risk at the time of hazardous situation (Bradley & Campbell, 2011).
15. Describe the range of health care environments speciality practice areas.
Health care environment should be kept clean as it is important for the health care to maintain the hygiene so that people should feel safe and comfortable while entering into the organisation and should assure that their health would not be affected by the environment. It is important for the management to make sure that they should proved effective information related to the dos and don’ts that are to be followed in the health care. The focus should be developed to make the patient healthy and should be kept on removing their health issues (Bradley & Campbell, 2011).
16. How will you contribute in achieving team work?
I would assure that I should provide effective direction to the team member, should help the team members so that they can work effectively. Effective motivational techniques will also help in making the team work more effective and proper set of communication system will also help in assuring that the team work will be achieved.
19. What could be some of the cultural and linguistic difference that you may need to take into account when working with clients?
It is a known thing that health care is the place where people from different diversity visits and it is important to make sure that the cultural and linguistic aspects would be taken into consideration. Therefore it is important to assure that the values and beliefs of the patient must not be affected while treating them and the staff should be hired who have a good catch on the English so that they can communicate in an effective manner with the clients (Arcand & Neumann, 2012).
20. Describe some of the reflective or self assessment strategies you might implement to assess your current nursing practices.
It is important for each and every individual indulging in nursing that it should gain effective knowledge regarding the work process that it have to follow. The person indulging in nursing should make sure that it could treat the patient effectively and should provide the proper prescription to the patient so that the health issue of the patient could be resolved and patient could feel healthy (Waddell, 2013).
Ania González, N., & Martínez Mingo, A. (2015). Assessment of practice competence and scientific knowledge of ICU nurses in the tracheal suctioning . Spain: Enfermeria Intensiva.
Arcand, L., & Neumann, J. (2012). Nursing competency assessment across the continuum of care. Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing , 247-254.
Bentson, J., & Latayan, M. (2013). A nursing partnership: the forces of magnetism guiding evidence-based practice in the Republic of Armenia. Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing , 175-179.
Bradley, E., & Campbell, P. (2011). Nurse prescribers: who are they and how do they perceive their role? Journal of Advanced Nursing , 439-448.
Clinton, M., & Murrells, T. (2014). Assessing competency in nursing: a comparison of nurses prepared through degree and diploma programmes. Journal of Clinical Nursing , 82-94.
Davies, N., & Gould, D. (2015). Updating cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills: a study to examine the efficacy of self instruction on nurses' competence. Journal of Clinical Nursing , 400-410.
Narayanasamy, A., & Narayanasamy, M. (2014). Advancing health development and progression in nursing. Mark Allen Publishing.
Waddell, D. (2013). Measurement issues in promoting continued competence. Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing , 102-106.