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De institutionalization of the mental health services are related with the reduction in the long stay on the mental hospitals and replaced by the individual community mental health services. The concept of the De institutionalization of the mental healthcare services are required to discuss to understand the establishment of the recovery framework of the metal health care services. In 2015 – 2016, 712,000 people have admitted in different public hospitals of Australia. Among them 13 percent patients are attacked by the mental disorder. Various reports
As per the view of Michelle, Jan, & Maureen (2013), De institutionalization is the defined process to set up the isolated community for the mental disorder patients to reduce the stay of the mental patients in hospitals and to reduce the rate of the admission of them by offering the clinical and the counselling care to increase the rate of independency of them. As per the psychiatrist Leon Eisenberg, the De institutionalization has offered the overall benefits to the psychiatric patients. The institutional reform in Australia has taken place in 1993 when the state of Queensland decided to embark the process of establishing the isolated lace for the perfect treatment of the metal disordered patients
Prior to the De institutionalization, the custodial care and the care offering to the mental disorder clients were completely out of reach of the outer world. The strict regulations have been impacted to the victims of the asylums. They were been isolated for long time from the other people. They were subjected to the restriction of freedom, suffered from stigma of being the Psychiatric patients, and also their normal living styles were taken away
The national recovery framework the health care services offers a crucial policy related direction to improve the mental health care service delivery in Australia. The national recovery framework has been categorised in to two documents such as: A national framework for recovery oriented mental health services, and a companion document entitled a national framework for recovery related mental health services
The value of the live experience in the recovery framework enhances the level of the expertise, skills and knowledge of the health care practitioners of the mental health disorder population. This approach focuses on the needs of the mental disorder person than giving importance to the fulfilment of the organisational purpose in a broader manner. As per the view ofRosen (2006), recovery oriented mental health care practices directs to the implementation of the abilities that supports the target population to take their own responsibility for their wellbeing and also to highlight the wishes , and expectations from their daily activities. The responsibility range that the health care practitioners are required to execute are to offer the evidence based treatment, and the rehabilitation support to the target population to get the best outcome in the form of the full recovery, to work in a partnership with the community groups
With the help of the recovery framework reacted with the mental well being approach, the people with mental disorder will be able to get the full rang support get back to their normal life with the reduction in depression, anxiety, the symptoms of dementia, and other symptoms of the mental disorder with the help of the proper counselling and service offerings
The above diagram has represented the full range recovery of the mental healthcare by the practitioners. It also can be recognised as the perfect guide of the healthcare service providers.
Based on the entire discussion, it can be concluded that prior to Deinstitutionalization, the mental health care service offerings were under the strict regulations, and the life of mental disorder people were far for the normal people. But, after the Deinstitutionalization. The scenario got changed. Offering the equal respect and value to the victims, with well organised live experience, treatment plans, and nursing care, the recovery framework has offered the benefit to both the patients and the healthcare practitioners in an effective manner. The cultures and the diversity maintenance also are the important sections those are given preference in the recovery framework for the mental healthcare services.
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