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Research methodology can be defined as methods and techniques used to execute a research in which there are included methods for information and data collection by different sources and then choosing methods to analyse those information and data effectively which help in giving conclusion and achieving the objectives of the research project (Maher, et. al 2011).
There are various types of research methodologies which can be used by the organisations for conducting research. Some of methodologies are explained as follows.
- Experimental research methodology- This is an experiment based research method which is systematic approach and scientific methods are used to manipulate the variables of research which can control and manage any alteration in the process. Experimental research is the way to analyse entire effects and potential results that can be achieved in the research project. It is a way to experiment the possible consequences of situation only one at a time. The research is totally depends on the scientific results and can be in different fields. These researches are used where there exists cause effect relationship and magnitude of correlation is there. Aim of this research can be to experiment things with the analyses of cause and effect relationship in which variables are manipulated and controlled to improve things in society by identifying the possible consequences (Maher, et. al 2011).
- Quantitative research methodology- Quantitative research methodology includes methods to analyse the collected data and information by using different effective tools and techniques for achieving potential results. Mathematical, statistical methods and numerical methods are used in this methodology to analyse the data by conducting surveys, questionnaire, collecting secondary data from existing results. This is a descriptive type of methodology where relationship between two variables is analysed. The study is based on logics and perspectives of the experts. There are taken sample sizes for collecting data and information from various sources. While conducting this methodology the process can be first explain the collected data, then explain and elaborate selected techniques and assumptions (Habib, et. al 2014).
- Qualitative research methodology- In this research, researcher tries to collect data and information by taking the source of observation of the beliefs, behaviour, perceptions and emotions of a predefined population which can be selected by various methods of sampling. It is a complex approach to analyse the understanding experiences of people. The researcher develops theories by analysing the collected data from various sources and give conclusion of the research problem. This is an exploratory type of research methodology. There exists more flexibility in this research comparing to quantitative methodology of research.
- Mixed research methodology- This methodology is a combination of both qualitative and quantitative research methodologies. Here there are used both the methods for conducting the research like using collecting data and information from observing vies, activities, perceptions and behaviour of individual and groups which is taken by the method of sampling. And analysing those collected data by using mathematical, statistical and numerical approaches by analysing relationship with two and more variables. This is descriptive and exploratory both types of research methodology in nature. Most of the organisations and researchers use this methodology for the purpose of their study. The results are more appropriate and effective by using reseach methodology in the research (Habib, et. al 2014).
- Research topic- Significance of effective teamwork in achieving goals
Teamwork is a tools or method for effectively achieving goals and objective of the organisation. To find out the conclusion on this research problem we will use different research methodologies. First of all research methodologies will be selected and designed which is going to use in the research for collecting the data and then selecting the tools and techniques to analyse those collected data effectively. Selecting sources to be used for collecting the data and information related to the research topic or problem. In this research topic we will use Mixed and experimental research methodologies for achieving the objectives of research project.
By using Qualitative research methodology researcher will collect data and information by observing the behaviour, perception and views of the specified population. These respondents are selected by different methods of sampling and are interrogated and surveyed by taking their interviews and filling questionnaire. The data can be divided in the following.
- Primary data- This data is raw in nature and collected by researcher by own efforts. Primary data can be collected by primary sources by doing surveys and filling questionnaire by the respondents and taking interviews face to face and telephonic to observe the views and perceptions of the population (Bellamy, et. al 2012).
- Secondary data- Secondary data is the already existing data on the related topic of research and this can be collected by different articles, books, research papers and websites. This data can be collected by various websites and sources.
- Sampling- There are different methods of sampling in which the number of respondents are selected for the research. Statistical, simple, random are the methods of sampling. In this research methodology there are taken respondents according to the random sampling.
- Analysis of collected data and information-The collected data and information is analysed and evaluated to give the most effective conclusion of the research problems. For this research project the qualitative research methodology is taken for analysis the collected data effectively. The statistical and mathematical and numerical approaches are used in the research for the analyses by using the pie chart, tables and diagrams, Gantt chart and spread sheet is also executed for the effective analysis of the collected information. Research methodology will be designed which includes all the methods and techniques which is going to be used in the research for achieving the results (Bellamy, et. al 2012).
Experimental research methodology is also applied in the research in which variables are manipulated for controlling and managing the research and its consequences. The results of experimental approach can be used in the effective analysis of the consequences and potential effects of the situations in the research. In this Research Plan to analyse the effectiveness of the teamwork in process of achieving the goals of organisation a group or team can be formed with a specific task and objectives to be achieved and effective study is done of the activities and their impacts. This study will help in giving conclusion for the research.
Project or Action plan-
The following is the action plan for the research-
Started at date
Time period (days)
Completed at date
Details of activities
Preparing and overview plan
3 July 2016
5 July 2016
Preparing a plan for the research is essential.
6 July 2016
10 July 2016
The designed plan should be implemented to analyse the results.
Data collection and sample selection
11 July 2016
20 July 2016
Sampling method is selected and data is collected by different sources.
Analysis and evaluation of collected data
21 July 2016
25 July 2016
Different methods and tools are used for effective evaluation and analysis of the collected data.
Conclusion and suggestions
26 July 2016
28 July 2016
After the evaluation and analysis conclusion and recommendation is given on the research project and problem.
Preparing and overview of plan
For executing any research project it is essential to prepare a plan initially. This plan can be called as the research proposal which can be defined as the brief of the whole process of research. In this research proposal abstract and acknowledgement is provided of research. Literature review, statement of problems or research questions are defined, objectives and Aim of the research and research methodology is defined in the research proposal. Research methodology includes methods and techniques chosen for the collection of data and information and their analysis. Research design and philosophies also explained in the research plan. Overview of the research plan should be done to evaluate that there is nothing important missing in the plan.
- Plan implementation:After preparing and overview the plan should be implemented to achieve the results and objectives by conducting all the activities effectively. For implementing the research plan there must be available effective and appropriate resources which can be human resource and material and financial resources (Kumar, 2014).
- Data collection and sample selection:In this level of project plan there are collected data and information from different sources. Primary and secondary data is collected for research which can be by using the qualitative and quantitative methods. Primary data is collected by the raw data collected by researcher by executing survey, filling questionnaire and taking personal and telephonic interview of the respondents. Secondary data is collected from various websites, books and articles. Sampling can be done by statistical, simple and random, in the research random sampling is done for selecting the respondents.
- Analysis and evaluation of data:In this level collected data is analysed by different methods and techniques like statistical, numerical and mathematical by using charts, pie charts, Gantt charts and spread sheets. These methods for analysis are selected and defined in the research methodology.
- Conclusion and Suggestions:After analysing the data effectively and achieving results, in the last stage of research conclusion and suggestions are given on the research problem or topic by the researcher. This includes the reasons and results of the execution of research (Kumar, 2014).
- Reliability of data- Data and information is collected from the primary and secondary sources. The effectiveness and appropriateness of research depends on the collected data and its reliability is also depends on it. For the research purpose primary data which is raw form of data and less reliable as in it depends on the views and perceptions of respondents (part of a population) selected by sampling method. Secondary data is more reliable as in the data is already analysed and researched by experts and experienced people and adopted by every organisation. In the research primary sources are the surveys, questionnaire filled by the respondents and personal and telephonic interview. Respondents are selected by the sampling methods which are related from the area of research topic. For collecting data for analysing the effectiveness of teamwork in achieving the goals of organisation primary and secondary sources can be used. Primary data is collected by filling the questionnaire from the respondents selected by sampling methods and secondary data is collected by articles and reports related to the impacts of teamwork on the organisational growth are collected (Kuada, 2012).
- Research methodologies- In the research process there are used different research methodologies which define methods and tools for collecting data and information, techniques to analyse the data and achieve results effectively. These methodologies are qualitative, quantitative, experimental and mixed methodologies. In this research mixed and experimental methodologies are taken for effective analysis of collected data. These methods and tools can be statistical, mathematical and numerical which can be effective and give appropriate results (Makkonen, et. al 2012). These methodologies can be descriptive, exploratory and explanatory in nature. For conducting research in the effectiveness of teamwork and its impact on organisational growth there are selected methodologies by which the effectiveness can be evaluated.
- Experimental research methodologies:In this research there are used different methodologies in which experimental research methodology is used. In this methodology variables are manipulated and controlled to analyse and observe the consequences of situations. Team work is effective method to enhance the performance of the employees and to understand its impacts on the organisational growth there is used experimental methodology. There are comparison is done between the relationship of two variables and its impacts and results (Plavnick, et. al 2013). An experimental team can be created with a specified objective and observation of the activities of team and its impacts in the way it is influencing the growth of the organisation can be calculated and analysed for effective results.
The research is done to analyse the significance and importance of the team work in the organisation and impacts on the growth of the organisation. Different methodologies are used in the research and data collected from different sources which is explaining that results of the study shows that the team work motivates and enhance the performance of employees which helps in increasing the productivity and profitability of the organisation by achieving the objectives effectively (Plavnick, et. al 2013).
- 6, P. & Bellamy, C. 2012;2011;, Principles of methodology: research design in social science, SAGE, Los Angeles.
- Habib, M., Pathik, B.B. & Maryam, H. 2014, Research methodology - contemporary practices: guidelines for academic researchers, 1st edn, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
- Kuada, J. 2012, Research methodology: a project guide for university students, 1st edn, Samfundslitteratur, Frederiksberg C [Denmark].
- Kumar, R. 2014, Research methodology: a step-by-step guide for beginners, Fourth edn, SAGE, Los Angeles
- Maher, D., Harries, A.D., Nachega, J.B. & Jaffar, S. 2011, "Methodology matters: what type of research is suitable for evaluating community treatment supporters for HIV and tuberculosis treatment?: Viewpoint: methodology matters",Tropical Medicine & International Health, , pp. no-no.
- Makkonen, H., Aarikka-Stenroos, L. & Olkkonen, R. 2012, "Narrative approach in business network process research — Implications for theory and methodology", Industrial Marketing Management, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 287-299.
- Plavnick, J.B. & Ferreri, S.J. 2013, "Single-Case Experimental Designs in Educational Research: A Methodology for Causal Analyses in Teaching and Learning", Educational Psychology Review, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 549-569.