HI6007 Business Research Project Oz Assignments

HI6007 Business Research Project Oz Assignments

HI6007 Business Research Project Oz Assignments

Introduction

This study will identify the impact of consumer satisfaction on the performance of the Suzuki's Swift Desire model. Consumer satisfaction is one of the key aspects of the success of the organization as it increases repeat purchasing of the products. Globalization has increased the competition in the Indian market with the emergence of global giants in the automobile industry as it has established free trade. The consumers that have had their expectation met will promote the company product to other consumers and product review helps in gaining new consumers and increasing sales. In this report, the issues have been identified and market research objectives have been developed based on it. The research questions have also been developed based on the research question and provide justification for choosing this research topic. The critical analysis of different literature will be used to develop the hypothesis in the study to address the research problem. The methodology will be developed in accordance with the research problem along with the budget, schedule, and timeline of conducting the research.

Problem statement

Maruti has recalled the production of new units of swift desire, one of the most popular models due to faults and numerous complaints made by the consumers. The performance of Maruti Suzuki does not reach its expectation and have incurred some losses in the past year due to the issues faced in the Maruti swift desire model. However, as the organization offers a large number of products to the consumers and uses their differentiation strategy to gain a competitive advantage in the market (Pal, 2018). However, the exact impact of consumer satisfaction on a particular product has not been identified in other studies so the study will be focused on consumers of Maruti Suzuki and particular product swift desire. Majority of the studies have considered customer satisfaction as a dependent variable whereas the impact of other factors such as employee motivation, branding, and product performance have been evaluated. However, in this study, customer satisfaction has been taken as an independent variable and its impact on the performance of the organization and a particular product will be identified.

Aim and objectives/research questions

The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of the consumer satisfaction on the performance of swift desire. The study will identify the different elements of customer satisfaction and product and company performance. The influence of the elements of the customer satisfaction will be evaluated on the elements of the product performance. This will facilitate in identify the exact relationship between both the variables. The objective of the study are as follows:

  • To identify the different elements of consumer satisfaction in Maruti Suzuki

  • To identify the different elements of performance of the company in Maruti Suzuki

  • To examine the relationship between consumer satisfaction and performance of the company in Maruti Suzuki

  • To provide recommendations for improving the performance of the product

Research Question

  • What are the different elements of consumer satisfaction in Maruti Suzuki?

  • What are the different elements of performance of the company in Maruti Suzuki?

  • What is the relationship between consumer satisfaction and performance of the company in Maruti Suzuki?

Justification and potential output of the research

This research topic has been selected as none of the research has not be addressed the impact of the customer satisfaction on the performance of the organization and the product. This is a specific study which will address the recent issues faced by Maruti Suzuki to identify the performance of Maruti Suzuki which has not been addressed in any of the previous studies.

The study is expected to provide an output which addresses all the research objectives and questions. The influence of consumers satisfaction on the performance of the company, Maruti Suzuki is expected to be derived along with key factors of consumer satisfaction will be identified that are essential for improving the consumer performance.

Conceptual framework and hypothesis development

Customer satisfaction

As stated by Rodriguez, Peterson and Ajjan, (2015), customer satisfaction has been viewed diversely by diverse researchers and it can be considered as the amalgamated result of the psychological reaction, evaluation and consumption of consuming or availing a particular product or service. Zablah et al., (2016) opined that customer satisfaction can be defined as the availability of more benefits than the cost and it can be considered as the perception of the expected product and product received determines the level of customer satisfaction. Satisfaction of the consumers is one of the main aspects of identifying and forecasting future revenue of an organization. The consumers that are satisfied with their products tend to move to different products offered by other companies in the market. () argued that satisfaction of the consumers is directly related to the performance of the organization and profitability. This means that increase in consumer satisfaction can drastically enhance the profitability and performance of an organization (Saeidi et al., 2015). This is the reason that majority of the companies have oriented towards the consumers where they aim to provide the consumers with the best possible service. Various researchers have shown that there has been significant relationship between consumers satisfaction and organizational performance. This is the reason that expectation of the consumers and the needs and wants are taken into consideration while developing a product or service. Jung and Yoon, (2015) states that heart of modern marketing theory is providing the consumers with possible service. Customer satisfaction not only impacts the performance of the organization but establishes a long-term relationship between the consumer and the company. This facilitates improving the market share and consumer base and attain sustainability. Customer satisfaction has also been considered as a parameter of examining and evaluating the performance of any organization. Customer satisfaction has varied benefits attached to it which helps in overall development of the organization.

Organizational performance

According to Kanyurhi and Bugandwa Mungu Akonkwa, (2016), the performance of any organization is evaluated based on various parameters such as profit, market share, service quality, company image, consumer turnover and sales turnover. These factors are instrumental indicators of the growth of any organization and provides accurate review in detail of the organization’s performance. As stated by Meesala and Paul, (2018), the profit margin of any organization is dependent on the level of satisfaction that the consumers are receiving. This shows that profit is one of the performance evaluation components. On the other hand, Fu and Deshpande (2014) stated that service and product quality are crucial aspects of understanding the performance of the organization as it is directly linked to the satisfaction level of the consumers. Tzokas et al., (2015) opined that market share of the organization is determined the consumer loyalty and percentage of consumer segment using the services and products offered by an organization on regular basis. The image of the company is also enhanced by the consumer satisfaction due to increase in use of digital media where reviews of products and services are usually considered by other consumers. This shows that there is high level of transparency about the products and services offered by any organization due to the reviews on social media pages and blogs. Therefore, maintaining high level of customer satisfaction is essential for sustainable business (Kim, Li & Brymer, 2016). However, the common mistake is the fact that organizational performance and profitability is considered to be the same thing but profitability is only just a component of organizational behaviour performance.

Impact of customer satisfaction on organizational performance

The discussion from various literatures show that consumer satisfaction has high impact on the performance of any organization. Jung and Yoon (2015) states that ability of an organization to understand the needs and wants of the consumers is essential creating sustainable growth and competitive advantage. The performance of any organization will be determined based on their ability to satisfy the consumers. The internal cost of marketing increases if the organization is unable to retain their products and consumers switch due to lack of satisfaction from the organizational offerings. According to Meesala and Paul, (2018), evaluation of the consumer satisfaction provides a clear picture of the shortcomings of an organization and the reason for lack of growth and profitability. Empirical studies have revealed that Amazon is the market leader in ecommerce segment only due to their customer centric business approach. This helps them to cater to all the needs and wants of the consumers and provide high level of consumer satisfaction. This is similar for Apple as quality of the products offered and the service that the consumers receive has developed the niche market segment and made Apple the market leader in their segment.

Hypothesis Development

Hypothesis 1

H01: There is no impact of customer satisfaction on profitability of Maruti Suzuki

H11: There is no impact of customer satisfaction on profitability of Maruti Suzuki

 

Hypothesis 2

H02: There is no impact of customer satisfaction on sales turnover of Maruti Suzuki

H12: There is no impact of customer satisfaction on sales turnover of Maruti Suzuki

Hypothesis 3

H03: There is no impact of customer satisfaction on service quality of Maruti Suzuki

H13: There is no impact of customer satisfaction on service quality of Maruti Suzuki

Hypothesis 4

H04: There is no impact of customer satisfaction on company image of Maruti Suzuki

H14: There is no impact of customer satisfaction on company image of Maruti Suzuki

Hypothesis 5

H05: There is no impact of customer satisfaction on consumer turnover of Maruti Suzuki

H15: There is no impact of customer satisfaction on consumer turnover of Maruti Suzuki

Methodology

The methodology chapter will follow Saunder's research onion to identify the research philosophy, research approach, data collection, and data analysis method, research design, sampling, validity, reliability and ethical consideration (Taylor, Bogdan & DeVault, 2015). This study is an applied research where the findings of the study can be used by the managers of Maruti Suzuki to make improvements to the performance of the organization. This study uses experimental method where observations, predictions and establishing casue and effect relationship is considered.

Research philosophy

There are types of research philosophies in the market are realism, interpretivism, positivism, and pragmatism. Research philosophy describes the framework for collecting and evaluating data. In this current study, pragmatism has been used as the research philosophy which accepts all theories if they are reinforced by valid actions (Da Veiga 2016). Pragmatism is the correct method as the study will aim to use mixed method where both primary and secondary data will be used. The main aim of the pragmatist approach is the addressing both the aspect by taking both positivist and interpretivist view in the study.

Research approach and source of data

In this study, the study will use the deductive approach as it will facilitate in conducting hypothesis testing. This study will use quantitative method to collect and analyse it (Singh, 2015). The data will be collected using surveys where the questions will be asked to the existing consumers and another set of survey will be conducted where employees of the organization will be the target audience. Secondary data will be collected from annual reports of the Maruti Suzuki and government website where data will be available regarding the company performances. There will be comparison between the primary data and secondary data to make the study more reliable and valid.

Data Analysis

The collected data will be analysed by using the statistical tool named Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). SPSS will be used to derive inferential statistics where initially Cronbach’s alpha will check the reliability of the collected data. Then the collected data will be analysed using descriptive statistics which will consist of response frequencies, mean, median, mode and standard deviation (Quinlan et al., 2019). The quantitative analysis will also consist of developing correlation using Pearson’s correlation and linear regression model to evaluate the degree and nature of relationship between the variables, customer satisfaction and performance of the organization.

Research Design

Conclusive and exploratory are the two research designs used in research studies. IN this current study, conclusive research design has been used to establish the cause and effect relationship between both the variables (Meyers, Gamst & Guarino, 2016). Conclusive research design can be further divided into descriptive and causal network design. In this study, the causal research design will facilitate in observing the phenomenon and establishing the cause and effect relationship between the variables.

Sampling

Sampling is the method of reducing the sample population when the chosen population is huge. This facilities ease in calculation, decreases cost and time of conducting the research. In sampling, the first step is identification of target population and in this study, the employees and consumers of Maruti Suzuki are the same population. The next step is the identification of the sampling frame which will comprise of the lower level employees of the organization and the consumers purchasing swift desire (Palinkas et al. 2015). The final step is identification of the sample size and in this study 50 consumers and 50 employees will be surveyed using close ended questions. In this study, the primary data will be collected using simple random sampling where the population sample will be selected randomly so that all the elements have the opportunity of getting selected. The secondary data will be collected using non-probabilistic sampling where data will be chosen as per availability and convenience from annual reports, government websites and other web articles. This method is known as convenience sampling.

Research ethics

In this current study, anonymity of the respondents will be kept to protect their privacy. The respondents will be made aware of the purpose of conducting the research so that they have full knowledge regarding the objective of the study (Flick, 2015). The survey questionnaire will not consist of any words that are discriminatory or abusive. The study will not manipulate the collected data to develop false results.

Organization of the study

The chapter one of the study will consist of the introduction which introduce the proposed study along with the research objectives, hypothesis and research questions. The second chapter will consist of the literature review section which will critically analyse the existing literature in this research topic to identify the literature gap. This literature gap is addressed as the objective in the study. The third chapter is the research methodology which will describe the suitable research methods that will be used to collect the data and analyse it effectively. The fourth chapter of the study is the findings and data analysis where the collected data will be represented in form of tables, graphs and inferential statistical variables to determine the objective of the study. The fifth chapter of the study is the conclusion and recommendation which will link the objectives and findings. This chapter will also provide suitable recommendations as per the findings and analysis.

Budget, project schedule and Gantt chart

The budget of the total project is $ 8000 consisting of all the phases and activities. The research articles and government websites are not freely accessible subscription of such websites and purchase of articles is required in some cases. The primary data will be collected by survey and conducting a survey will be expensive as each of the participants will be provided a voucher so that they agree to be a part of the project. Moreover, the cost of conducting online survey will require registration into websites like survey monkey where premium account is required. The collected data will be evaluated using statistical tool which has to be purchased and is not available for free.

Purpose

Expenditure

Literature review

$ 1000

Data collection

$5000

Analysis of the data

$2000

Total estimated budget

$8000

Project schedule

Task Name

Duration

Start

Finish

Research plan

95 days

Fri 31-08-18

Thu 10-01-19

Selection of the research topic

8 days

Fri 31-08-18

Tue 11-09-18

Identifying suitable topic for research

4 days

Fri 31-08-18

Wed 05-09-18

Discussion with professor

2 days

Thu 06-09-18

Fri 07-09-18

Finalize topic

2 days

Mon 10-09-18

Tue 11-09-18

Milestone 1: Topic selected

0 days

Tue 11-09-18

Tue 11-09-18

Collection of secondary data

22 days

Wed 12-09-18

Thu 11-10-18

Search for articles, peer reviewed journals and web articles

15 days

Wed 12-09-18

Tue 02-10-18

selecting the relevant sources

4 days

Wed 03-10-18

Mon 08-10-18

designing with the layout of the research

3 days

Tue 09-10-18

Thu 11-10-18

Milestone 2: collection of secondary data completed

0 days

Thu 11-10-18

Thu 11-10-18

Literature review

24 days

Fri 12-10-18

Wed 14-11-18

Examination and analysis of the collected data

10 days

Fri 12-10-18

Thu 25-10-18

annotated bibliography

5 days

Fri 26-10-18

Thu 01-11-18

Forming literature review

9 days

Fri 02-11-18

Wed 14-11-18

Milestone 3: review of literature completed

0 days

Wed 14-11-18

Wed 14-11-18

Research methodology and Analysis

13 days

Thu 15-11-18

Mon 03-12-18

Choosing the Appropriate Research Techniques

5 days

Thu 15-11-18

Wed 21-11-18

Validate the methods

5 days

Thu 22-11-18

Wed 28-11-18

Check for reliability

3 days

Thu 29-11-18

Mon 03-12-18

Milestone 4: Selection of research methods completed

0 days

Mon 03-12-18

Mon 03-12-18

Data collection from primary sources

16 days

Tue 04-12-18

Tue 25-12-18

Conduct survey of consumers and employees

5 days

Tue 04-12-18

Mon 10-12-18

Sampling to select respondents

3 days

Tue 11-12-18

Thu 13-12-18

Data analysis using SPSS

2 days

Fri 14-12-18

Mon 17-12-18

collect secondary data from annual reports and government websites

4 days

Tue 18-12-18

Fri 21-12-18

Data analysis using SPSS

2 days

Mon 24-12-18

Tue 25-12-18

Milestone 5: primary and secondary data collected and analysed

0 days

Tue 25-12-18

Tue 25-12-18

Conclusion of the Study

12 days

Wed 26-12-18

Thu 10-01-19

Develop rough paper

5 days

Wed 26-12-18

Tue 01-01-19

Checking with the professor

4 days

Wed 02-01-19

Mon 07-01-19

Final project development and submitting it

3 days

Tue 08-01-19

Thu 10-01-19

Milestone 5: Project concluded

0 days

Thu 10-01-19

Thu 10-01-19

References

1. Da Veiga, A. (2016, July). A cybersecurity culture research philosophy and approach to develop a valid and reliable measuring instrument. In SAI Computing Conference (SAI), 2016 (pp. 1006-1015). IEEE.
2. 
Flick, U. (2015). Introducing research methodology: A beginner's guide to doing a research project. Sage.
3. 
Fu, W., & Deshpande, S. P. (2014). The impact of caring climate, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment on job performance of employees in a China’s insurance company. Journal of Business Ethics124(2), 339-349.
4. 
Jung, H. S., & Yoon, H. H. (2015). The impact of employees’ positive psychological capital on job satisfaction and organizational citizenship behaviors in the hotel. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management27(6), 1135-1156.
5. 
Kanyurhi, E. B., & Bugandwa Mungu Akonkwa, D. (2016). Internal marketing, employee job satisfaction, and perceived organizational performance in microfinance institutions. International Journal of Bank Marketing34(5), 773-796.
6. 
Kim, W. G., Li, J. J., & Brymer, R. A. (2016). The impact of social media reviews on restaurant performance: The moderating role of excellence certificate. International Journal of Hospitality Management55, 41-51.
7. 
Meesala, A., & Paul, J. (2018). Service quality, consumer satisfaction and loyalty in hospitals: Thinking for the future. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services40, 261-269.
8. 
Meyers, L. S., Gamst, G., & Guarino, A. J. (2016). Applied multivariate research: Design and interpretation. Sage publications.
9. 
Pal, M. 2018. Maruti Suzuki issues recall for 1,279 models of 2018 Swift and Dzire. Retrieved from https://www.indiatoday.in/auto/cars/story/maruti-suzuki-issues-recall-for-1-279-models-of-2018-swift-and-dzire-1295489-2018-07-25
20. 
Quinlan, C., Babin, B., Carr, J., & Griffin, M. (2019). Business research methods. South Western Cengage.