HI6006 Competitive Strategy Editing Service
Delivery in day(s): 4
Assessment of taxable income an individual include gross income of the individual received after adjusting all the exemptions and deductions applicable as per income tax assessment act 1997 during the financial year. As per the provisions of section 6.5 of income tax law assessment act 1197, salary received by John amounted to $ 19760 or $380 per week received through part-time employment in the restaurant has considered for the purpose of income tax calculations.
John has also received an amount of $3400 from afamily trust, as a beneficiary, he is eligible for payment of tax on the amount received from the trust. John has also won Lotto prize worth $12000 which does not attract any tax liability as per the income tax assessment act 1997.
The Taxable income of John are as under:
Amount (in $)
Income from Part-time employment
Fund received from trust
HELP repayment amount at the current income thresholds
Higher education loan programme (HELP)provided by Australian government which provides financial assistance to individuals in education. Individuals who are eligible for HELP getting arebate in the expenses related to studies. HELP scheme is known for providing acontingent loan to students. The current rate of repayment in HELP scheme are as follows:
The taxable income of John is $23160 which is below the threshold limit of repayment so he is not liable to repay the amount of loan in acurrent financial year.
John is entitled to adeduction of the expenses arises for clothing, Laundry and dry cleaning. In order to get adeduction for clothing, Laundry and dry cleaning proper records like bills are required to be maintained. Sometimes employer also provides anallowance for the same purpose the amount should be shown on the return of the individuals.
Expenses in relation to vehicle and travel expenses are also eligible for deduction. The main requirement for such deduction is that the vehicle and travel expenses must be incurred in thenormal course of business. If John wants to avail deduction then he has to keep aproperrecord of the expenditure.
John can also get adeduction for education expenses. John is entitled to adeduction of education expenses on the basis of HELP payments. The main requirements of getting adeduction on education expenses are that the income of John must be lie in the limits prescribed for repayment income list.
Apart from these expenses, John may get adeduction on other expenses arises due to atransaction made during the financial year from his income.
The total income of Sarah is assessable under income tax assessment act 1997. The gross income of Sarah includes wage earned by her on the basis of fortnightly and income earned by her in partnership business during the current financial year. Sarah has to pay income tax on the amount of profit toearn in the partnership business. Profit from partnership business is taxable in the hand of partners as individual’s income tax liability. The assessment of income of Sarah are as follows:
Amount (in $)
Income received from employment as Admin Assistant
Profit share from partnership business
66,660*50% = 33,330
Total assessable income of Sarah
Sarah was involved in the business in the partnership with her sister. She is entitled to 50% of theprofit of the partnership firm. The income earned from partnership business is not taxable in the hand of partnership firm but it is taxable in the hand of partners. As per the applicable taxation provision, there is no deduction allowed for home-based partnership business. The deduction is available to Sarah on her personal income and amount of profit received from the total profit of partnership business.
Sarah is coming under the low-income tax earners category so she is eligible to claim alow-income tax offset. On thefiling of income tax return,Sarah can prove that she is coming under the category of low-income earner and eligible to get tax offset. Sarah can get tax offset of $445 only if her income crosses the limit of $37000 with 1.5 cents for each dollar above 37000. The tax offset for Sarah will be $298.45.
The taxable income of Sarah is $46770. On which she is liable to pay tax amounted to $6747.25. The tax liability has calculated with the help of tax calculator available on the Australian website. After calculating Medicare levy and allowing tax offset the taxliability of Sarah will be as follows:
=$6747.25+($6747.25*2%) - $298.45
The taxable income of Stella includes income from dividend, superannuation fund and bookkeeping. The taxable income of Stella has calculated as per the applicable provision of income tax amendment act, 1997.
Amount (in $)
$11428.57+$36000+$8000 = $55428.57
Tax on assessable income
Total tax liability
$9561+$1109- Franking credit+ PAYG Tax withheld
ATO is the major Australian agency which manages all the taxation system of Australia. The system administers number of method for returns filing and for payment of taxation. A tax return could be filed through the ATO websites, tax agents are also presents who aid in filing tax return online and offline and also an individual can file the tax return manually.
In accordance with the Australian authority, the deadline date for lodgement purpose is 31st October. Every person must file the return for a financial year before 31st October (Australian Government, 2017).
Sarah, the individual, has earned income through providing personal income and therefore, Sarah need to file the return with ATO. She can choose any method according to her suitability such as fill up the prescribed form available with the ATO platform, file up “My tax” form provided by the ATO or file up return through the aid of registered tax return (Australian Government, 2017).
Self-assessment is the key concept of Australian taxation system. In self-assessment process, all the information are filled up by the individuals themselves and the information is understood as true and fair information. The individual has to itself assess the taxation information and calculate tax to be paid for a relevant financial year. An individual has to administer itself the information to be filed up and also provide proper provision of PAYG statements and activity statements. Lastly, it is administer that all the information shown in the return are in accordance with the Australian taxation laws and also the individual has taken appropriate deductions.
Since, the information are filed up with the judgement of the taxpayer, there are high possibility of error or omission. ATO has enough authority to review and audit the tax returns furnished by individuals and corporations. It is done to ensure that there are no possible errors in furnishing details related with income, expenditure, and in calculation of taxliability. Firstly there is need to review the assessment forms and in case of any type of doubts, errors or omission, further audit is also done which is known as “Tax audit”. In further auditing purposes, errors are cross examined and in case default proper tax penalties are imposed. On other hand, if there are no doubts, review will be regarded as complete assessment and the tax liability shown in the tax return will be final tax imposition (Australian Government, 2017).
While making tax consideration, there are number of factors which have to be looked for eliminating any form of errors or omission in filing of tax returns and making payments of taxation:
1. Tools and applications: Australian government provides number of tools over the ATO portal for easing the taxation calculations. The portal provides all the recent information about tax assessment so that tax liabilities could be filed. ATO has authorised number of applications over internet and for mobile for making tax filing easy.
2. Collecting the taxation documents:there are number of supporting statements with the tax filing return.The documents like PAYG statements and activity statements assist the taxation filing. These documents must be provided with correctly and accurately so that the annul return can be cross examined and the possibility of any errors are also minimized (Australian Government, 2017).
3. Deductions: Australian government provides number of deductions which are used for minimizing tax liability. The ATO portal provides information about deductions and therefore, the deductions must be accurately taken. There must be thorough information about deductions availed for reducing the tax liability of an individual.
4. Adherence to recent changes: taxation rules and regulations constantly changes with time. These are changed for improved and better regulation of the taxation system. Therefore, it is the key responsibility of the tax payer to adhere to all the recent changes and also apply those changes while filing tax returns and paying tax liability.
5. Assistance of tax agents: Tax agents are professional expertise for assisting in filing tax returns and making tax obligations. Every individual must take assistance of tax agents for proper filing up of tax returns and the chances of errors or omissions will also get eliminated. Tax agents are easily available and also have nominal charges for filing the tax returns (Australian Government, 2017).
Bank Interest(income from other source)
Unfranked Dividend(income from other source)
Less : Deductions
Professional Association Membership
PR and Client Relationship
Phones used for business purposes
Home office Expenses
In Salary, PAYG Withheld $18, 250
The tax rates applicable over Sarah would be those which are applicable on individual. Apart from tax rates, there will also be applicability of Medicare levy of 2% (Australian Government, 2017).
The taxable income of Sarah is $ 86,820 which falls in the $ 37,001-$ 87,000. In this segment, tax payable would be $ 3,572 plus 32.5c for each $ 1 over $ 37,000.
= $ 86,820-$37,000= $ 49,820
=32.5* $49,820 = $ 16,191
Tax liability= $ 3,572 + $ 16,191
Medicare levy (2% of $ 86,820) = $ 1,736
Total tax payable= $ 19,763 + $ 1,736
Deduction of PAYG = = $ 21,500- $18, 250
= $ 3,250.
Code of conduct for “Tax agents”:
The tax agent services act, 2009, describes the norms and code of conduct to be followed by the tax agents while providing assistance to clients:
Privacy and confidentiality: A tax agent gets to know large financial information about other people. Therefore, tax agents need to maintain the confidentiality about other financial transactions and must not engaged into other violating privacy clause.
Competence: A tax agents must be capable for filling up and making all the required information for filing an appropriate tax return. The must possess appropriate academic qualifications for doing the necessary job.
Integrity: Integrity is also required. A tax agent being a confidant of other must be showing enough honesty and integrity towards the required person.
Professional expertise: A tax agent must have enough professional expertise for completing taxation law requirement and also must also be update with the recent changes (Australian Government, 2017)