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This is a solution of Essay On Relationship Between Power and authority in which we discuss Decision Making and its effectiveness and enhancing its capability and performance.
In the process of decision making,there considered different factors and concepts which make their impact on the effectiveness of process of decision making.In general decision making is that process which can used to deciding or selecting an act between two or more course of action. It is challenging to make decisions but we all have to make decisions all the time as in this process is a part of our lives and important to take right decisions in the organisation. Decisions making is a process to change the process by making life changing decisions.In the context of business or organisation decisions are taken to run any organisation or business in effective manner and also provide various growing aspects to the running organisation which can help any business in enhancing its capability and performance.There are two concepts which make their impact on the process of decision making and its effectiveness. These concepts are “power and authority” these two are related and are important while making decisions for effective running of any organisation or business(Barbieri, et. Al 2010).This essay will explain all the important aspects related to decision making and impact of power and authority on its effectiveness and there it will also defined the relationship between power and authority in decision making context and the way they overlap each other or differ from each other will be explained in this study.
Decision making is the process to select the best out of available alternatives. This can be done by using different methods ofselection by comparing them and identifying their impacts. in organisations and businesses there adopted strategic decision making which is a part of strategic management and important for making effective decisions and planning of organisational activities.The strategic management approach includes scientific decision making in which decision is made after identifying and analysing different options and alternatives available and can be selected by evaluating their impacts on the growth of the organisation and business.There are different aspects of strategic decision making which makes impact on its effectiveness. There should be effective management of these factors before making any decision. Effective informationshould be there in process of taking any decision(Barbieri, et. Al 2010).Lack of information and effective people decision making will be affected and results will be ineffective and this will make impact on business or organisation by influencing their performance.In organisations decisions are taken on various levels and by different people by themselves or by taking guidance of others in the business and organisation for ensuring effectiveness of decision made.In the process of making decisions power and authority also makes impact as in there exist all the responsibility to take decision where there exists power and authority. This essay will explain the way power and authority will influence decisions and in what way they are related and overlapping each other.
Power is the ability to control and prevent an action or act to be happen or not. Power is different from right as in there is no responsibility attached to it and has ability to make decisions. In legal language power is an instrumenttransferring any legal authorisation which provides ability to determine and alter rights, duties and other legal relations or his own and of others by his will. Inan organisation there exist different types of power in an organisation or business which reflects the nature of organisation.These powers define leadership in organisation which includes decision making and its related aspects(Karakostas, et. Al 2016).These powers are divided in differentcategories which are as follows.
While studying power and its different aspects there should be effective knowledge about the important structural sources and characteristics of power. Power can be generated from various sources and by using different qualities and skills.Different types of power are generated by different sources. These sources are used by individuals, sovereigns and states which are as follows.
Knowledge as power-In the present business scenario organisations develops knowledge and skills as weapons for the competitors to develop power which can provide competitive advantage to the organisation to win in the competitive advantage. All these know-how technique also treated as competitive advantage for the company(MEIER, et. Al2015).
Authorityis kind of formal power to act or not to act and helps in fulfilling responsibilities by any person or party. Authorities are determined and effectively defined which helps in controlling powers associated with them. Authorities and responsibilities are combined and are associated with each other. Authorities are is an essential part of a management of any organisation and managerial team has to provide different authorities for appropriate running of organisation by taking most effective and appropriate decisions which are most suitable for the organisation. For managing all the factors and adopt effective leadership in the organisation it becomes to provide managers authorities in which there are given some powers with responsibilities to use them in a way that it can make manage employees and their efforts in right direction and empower them by making most suitable decisions for them. Authority makes the employees and subordinates to accept and apply the decisions made by the manager or leader by using their power included in it with the responsibility(Zeisberg, 2013).Authorities are of differenttypes which are following.
In organisations there is adopted strategic decision making in which strategic or scientific decisions are made which is influenced by different factors and are important for effectiveness of decisions. In the process of decision making power and authority both are important and plays important role. Decisions are made by different people of different level in organisations having different powers and authorities. Power and authorities in relative concepts in the process of decision making and make impact on effectiveness of decisions made in an organisation and business(Bar-Nir, et. Al2011). Decisions are important to be taken for effectively run activities of organisation and appropriateness of these decisions makes impact on the organisational growth. In different organisations decisions are taken by using various methods and approaches by analysing them in appropriate manner. In an organisation different key persons take decisions for proper running of organisational activities. The following are the decision taken in organisation using different powers and authorities.
By analysing all these required decisions to be made in an organisation for effective growth there required power and authorities must be available there. Without having power and authorities decisions cannot be taken in an organisation or business and these powers and authorities make it more powerful and effectiveto be followed by others in the organisation.Strategic management in organisation is incomplete without taking decisions in organisation. In decision making process we analyse that power and authorities are related to each other as in authorities are including different powers and it is an extended form of powers. Authorities include different responsibilities and liabilities to be fulfilled and these responsibilities cannot be fulfilled without having powers.This relationship can be understood by the following table.
Above table is defining various powers included in different types of authorities which are making these authorities more effective and useable in decision making process by which growth is increased of organisation(Bernstein, 2010). We will understand these powers and authorities in decision making with the help of different examples which are as follows.
If a leader have to take decision for employees in organisation then he have the authority to make decision for effective management of employees by providing them work motivating them and resolving their problems. For this purpose leader is having authority and also have liabilities to take care and effectively lead employees of the organisation and make their performance increased. For that purpose he has authority to use coercive, reward, and legitimate powers to take decision for leading the employees of organisation. In case of there is lack of authorities and powers then he will be unable to take decisions for effective leadership of human resource of company and there will be ineffective results will be there in the organisation.
In a society and tribal where there exist strong culture to be followed by people all the decisions are taken by the people who are followed by these people of society and tribal and these key people are having traditional authorities to make effective decisions for them(Westelius, et. Al2013). Traditional authority includes reward power and referent power by which they can influence the decisions of others and can take effective decisions for them. There also exist the responsibility and liabilities to manage them and ensure their growth and quality life on these key people while making decisions.
In a country or state all the decisions are taken by the authorised people who have different powers and also responsibilities and liabilities are also attached with these powers which are considered while taking decisions.Legal authorities are provided here which are included coercive powers as in there is legal prosecution in case of not following the decisions taken by them. Celebrities, artists, legends and others famous and popular personalities have charismatic authorities to influence decisions of others by showcasing their decisions and choices. They have expert and referent power to which can be used in their decision making process. There also exists responsibility and liability on him to promote and influence by considering their interest also. And inspire them in positive manner for their positive growth.
In the above analyses of this essay we have analysed the relationship between power and authorities in the process of making decisions. The analyses show that both the concepts are related and complementary to each other while making any decision in organisation or business and are important to be considered(Westelius, et. Al2013). Power and authority are related concepts with some differences in their concepts and way of utilising them. This process of making decision is important and must be effectively done and is associated with the effective utilisation of power and authorities in an organisation by the key person responsible to take decisions. Power and authorities are related concepts but also differs in some characteristics and also overlaps each other in different aspects like decision making. Both the concepts define different aspects of rights given carrying by someone but how they are utilised is different. Authorities are the rights provided to managerial persons to get things done from others and take decisions related to that. Along with this there are also delegated responsibilities and liabilities with these authorities to be fulfilled and by the holder of these authorities. In decision making authority works as the power to take decisions for organisation and also carry responsibility to effective execution of all the activities with the impact of these decisions. For example a CEO of organisation is authorised to take decisions for expending the business of the organisation by taking strategic decision. This authority comes with responsibility and duty to ensure the effectiveness of these results in the company of these decisions taken by authorised person. So in authority the rights or power comes with responsibility and duties.
Whereas power is possession of authority, control and influence on others acts and make them to obey the decisions of person having power. Power comes with the higher authorities and making it possible to influence decisions of others and their beliefs and views towards different things.Power do not carries responsibilities and liabilities with it and this makes a difference between power and authority while making decisions for organisation and business. Different sources of power make impact on the decision making and influence them in different manner.Doctors, Lawyers, Engineers, Programmers are having these powers to influence decisions of other by their excellent knowledge and it can be expert power or legitimate power and can be personal power(Maser C, et. Al2013). Power can be transformed as structure, legitimacy, strategy and approach to negotiate and decision making. Both the concepts and approaches overlap each other in the context of decision making. Following are different aspects which definehow both the concepts are overlapping each other.
By the above points we haveanalysed the ways by which power and authorities are related in the process of decision making and overlap each other in different manner. Both the concepts are important for each other and make sure that there are effective decisions are taken for the organisation by using the authorities and make all the members and employees to follow these decisions by using their powers. Competitive advantage is also generating power from different sources which can help in standing as a differentiated organisation among all the organisations.Both the approaches are incomplete without each other and become ineffective. So it is essential to have both the approaches to achieve appropriate results and both are complementary to each other. Even though both are complementary and make their impact on effectiveness of each other, there are also differences between them. As in both power can be dangerous when there defined no responsibilities and different types of power can be used to threaten someone to act or not to act on the willing of the one having powers(MACPHEE, et. Al2010). Whereas authorities are carrying different responsibilities and duties to be fulfilled by using the rights provided in that authority for a defined time period. In decision making process both the approaches are important and making impact on each other and making effective decisions and their applicability.
This essay is a detailed study of different aspects which are important to define power and authority. All the attributes, features and literatures are explained in effective manner in this essay as in it is important to have basic knowledge of these two approaches to compare them and know about their relationship with each other as in they are compatible to each other or are different in each and every manner. Decision making is important for every organisation as in all the activities are based on appropriate decisions therefore there should be adopted strategic decision making in the organisation where it is important to analyse different things and alternatives available. in the context of decision making both power and authority take place to make it effective and are related to each other. Different types of power are analysed and sources from which power can be generated are also defined in this essay. Authority and its different types are defined and ways in which both the concepts are related to each other are also defined in the essay. Power is possession of different authorities and can be come up with responsibilities and duties as in authority carries liabilities with the rights to be used. Decision making must be considered all the rights with different liabilities which should be fulfilled and work in the direction to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of an organisation and make it more effective(Bolfíková, et. Al2010). By analysing all the aspects of this essay we can conclude that power and authorities are related to each other by overlapping each other and making impact on effective utilisation and control. Authority is ineffective without power as in it is important to make others follow the decisions and power can be misused without having authorities and this can make impact on the organisational performance.
Decision making process of any organisation considers faith and benefit of all the existing parties and is taken by the key persons of a company having various powers and authorities and they can use these powers in positive or negative manner as in they can use these two approaches to take decisions which are organisational growth centred and lead the organisation in the direction of success(Bolfíková, et. Al2010). And this essay is concluding that power and authority are related and overlap each other in different aspect for effective decision making which can lead to organisational and personal growth.
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