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EDEC345 Play in Learning Environments Proof Reading Services
Play in Learning Environments
Recall Personal Memories of Play
Recently there are several profound discoveries that are made by me which have provided me a pivotal moment in my career within the profession of early childhood. One of the discoveries that was found by me in the secret compartment of an old Jewellery box, it was an old yellowed folded clipping from early Australian newspaper of the last century. Details of the new kindergarten were presented in the newspaper clipping it was ‘small wee ones’ in the local Parish Hall. The newspaper spoke about pencil, paper and dolls, it spoke that all these aspects were provided to the children who were seated on wee chairs at little wee tables’ under the love and care of the teachers (Stoecklin, 2013). There are several theories that will be discussed in this essay which will help in gaining more information related with early childhood education. There are many things that will e revealed through this essay about the same.
(Olusoga, et. al., 2017)
There are various childhood memories that could be shared. It is necessary to learn things from early childhood because at every step childhood brings some or the other thing which could be learnt and which could be applied to the life so as to make life better. I went back into my memories to get faded but yes effective information of my early childhood and there are certain moments which can never be forgotten and which brings a small smile on the face. There are various theories that describe my early childhood, comparing my early childhood memories with these theories will give a clear picture and will help in learning many more things.
Play is one of the most important aspects in every individual’s life. In the same manner in early childhood it is necessary that each and every children’ life play should be focused upon by the teachers as well as parents. It is necessary that a child should be provided a proper playing environment. Environment and surroundings are other aspects that should be focused upon by the parents as well as educators. Positive and effective learning environment will help the child to grow and learn good things (Nisbet, et. al., 2011).
Adults in the society play a very vital role in the growth of children. It is necessary that adults should understand the importance of plays in the life span of a child and should ensure that they should motivate the child to play more enthusiastically. Like in my childhood there were many motivators who use to motivate me at every step and try to help me out in solving my problems and showing me the right path. In the same manner it is necessary that adults should help the child to make the differences in what is right and what is wrong ("Former Australian Government Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations | Shared Services Centre", 2017).
According to the postmodern theory it is not necessary to develop the environment which could fit according to the child. Instead it is necessary to try that the child should learn to fit itself according to the environment. Doing so will help in the growth process of the child. When children learn to fit themselves according to the environment they understand the importance of all the aspects and gets the strengths to live in the tough situations.
(Olusoga, et. al., 2017)
Early motivation is another aspect that should be focused upon; I think that parents should always try to motivate their children rather than pressurizing them to achieve the targets that are set. It is important for the parents to motivate the children at each and every stage of their life; this will help the child to grow. Motivating the children to fit in the environment and helping them to play and indulge in various activities will help them t move on the path of better future.
Another theory that could be focused upon is behaviourism (Houghton, 2010). It is a theory of animal and human learning which focuses on objectively observable behaviours and discounts mental activity. Theorists define learning just as the acquisition of the new behaviour and nothing else. According to the theory people just move to the next stage of the behaviour when they grew up. It does not have anything with the learning; play helps the child to move on the next level.
Mind mapping is another aspect that is being focused upon by the theorists. According to the theorists play is helps the children in mind mapping process. Play helps the children to adopt visual approach by using the mind map. This map acts as a visual reference to grow; it helps in the growth process of a child and helps in learning new and better things.
Froebel believed that children would learn through their play and therefore, “learn to live in harmony with others and nature” (Hedges, 2014)
According to the quote stated it could be seen that the play is one of the most important aspect which help the children to grow in a better manner. Play not only helps the child to remain active but also helps in understanding the nature. Hence, it could be said that plays should be focused upon by the educators with the help of which children could move on the path of better future and learning.
There are certain factors which are related with the customs, lifestyles and values that help in characterizing the society or a group. Some of the cultural aspects are concepts of beauty, education, language, law, politics and religion on the other hand socio aspects includes organizations, technology and material. These are certain aspects that are being focused upon in early childhood (Hargraves, 2014).
According to the researchers play in the early years is an important aspect because children get to gain proper set of knowledge and starts fitting in the environment according to its conditions. According to the theorists’ societies plays a very important role in the growth of a child. It is necessary that the child should be educated to live in the good society and should be educated to learn good things from the surroundings that are being delivered by the society.
There are several characteristics of play that will help in developing better understanding with the fact that play is an important part of every children’s life:
Below are some of the characteristics of play that will in describing how it helps in the growth process of the children. Below chart will also help in developing the understanding that children’s play not only helps in developing the physical growth but also helps in their mental growths. It helps in keeping the children healthy and fit and activates their thinking capabilities.
There are various aspects in which play could be categorized these aspects are:
Type of Play
It is the play in which involvement of children exploring and use of their bodies and material to make the new things is there. Children are provided certain material to design new things which helps in creating thinking of the children.
Games with rules
This is the play in which certain rules and regulations are provided. This game is for the children of all age even babies and toddler can participate in the same game. Certain rules are explained to the children in the game which are to be followed by them and following those rules they have to complete the tasks that are being provided to them. These games help children to learn how they can perform the tasks by being in certain boundaries and regulations.
Language games are the games which helps the children to recognize the sounds and words. There certain patterns that are being provided to the children so that they can indulge in the critical thinking and their mental growth could take place.
Physical playincludes control over the body movements. It is the process which helps the children to strengthen their physical aspects and grow.
Exploratory playis the play which helps the children to develop the skills to use their senses in a better manner. This is the process which ensures that a child could recognize the use of the senses and feel things in a better manner.
Manipulative playincludes practicing that helps the child to develop and refine their motor skills. Manipulative play helps the children to enhance their physical dexterity and hand eye coordination.
Constructive Playis the play which helps the children to build things from the natural materials. This play helps children to grow their intellectual thinking and grow and refining their critical thinking aspects.
This is the play which includes children using their imagination. This is the practice which helps in developing the skills of imaginations of a child.
(Bodrova & Leong, 2007)
Role of Adults in Play
Planning for Play
Outdoor as well as indoor spaces are created by the adults so that children could play and provides very wide range of play possibilities.
Adults try to enhance and extend the play based on the knowledge of the children.
Adults try to gather the information related with the play of children and then tries to extend their learning.
Prepares proper plan and organizes things accordingly so that better playing environment could be provided to the children
Talks to children and try to gather appropriate information related with what they like and what they do not like and works accordingly.
Observation is done to provide appropriate support to the children.
Provide the play experiences that help the children to play safe and helps them in enjoying effectively.
Supporting the children without interfering in their playing activities and making the contributions so that children could develop their skills.
Identifying the quality types of children’s play and gathering the information related with the play patterns of the children and trying to provide the environment which is required for the children.
Adult try to structure the indoor as well as outdoor environment so that children’s individual strengths, interests, abilities and needs could be reflected.
Adults are aware of the children’s feeling, language, ability, background and culture during the play and try supporting them in every step so that children could remain motivated.
Adult try to observe and document the activities of the children so that they could make much better and effective changes which could help in the growth process of children.
One of the most important aspects in the lifecycle of the children is learning environment. It is necessary that proper set of learning environment should be provided to the children so that they could gather appropriate information that is required to manage their future in an appropriate manner.
“Children are miracles. Believing that every child is a miracle can transform the way we design for children’s care. When we invite the miracle into our lives we prepare ourselves and the environment around us. We may set out flowers or special offerings. We may cleanse ourselves, the space, or our thoughts of everything but the love inside us. We make it our job to create, with reverence and gratitude, a space that is worthy of a miracle! Action follows thoughts. We can choose to change. We can choose to design spaces for miracles, not minimums”. (Olusoga, et. al., 2017)
The above line explains that children are miracles and it is in our hand that how we can help the miracle to come out and show the differences to the world. It is our responsibility to let a child grow and provide them appropriate care. It is necessary that we should help the children to grow by providing them appropriate learning environment. It is our job to provide the learning environment to the children who could help them to develop better skills, which could make them strong and ensure that children could make the change and bring a better to future to every one’s life.
Hence, it could be said that not only play but the learning environment is equally important, it is a responsibility of each and every adult to help children to learn new and better things. It is necessary that both play and learning should be kept balanced so that children could become physically as well as mentally strong. For better as well as sustainable future it becomes very important for each and every individual to focus upon the aspects which could help children to fulfil their needs and requirements (Nisbet, et. al., 2011).
I have learnt many things from this essay and the theories that were being developed in context with children learning environment. The essay includes various aspects that are related with my childhood. I have tries to relate the theories with my childhood as well as my learning procedures. According to me it is necessary that we should understand the aspects of learning and importance of play in the life of a child. I have learn that play plays a very vital role in a life of a child. It could be observed by me that with the changing time there are many things that have changed in present scenario. In present people are not focusing much upon the outdoor activities of the children, rather it is necessary that a child should go out and play so that he/she could adjust himself/herself with the environment. Playing indoor does not provide proper support to the children (Houghton, 2010).
In my essay theories like postmodern theory, behaviourism theory, motivation theory and mind mapping theory helps us in understanding that play helps the children to grow physically as well as mentally and as I discussed above the mind mapping is the process which helps in the intellectual growth of children so mind mapping cannot be achieved by sitting in the house and playing video games rather it will be achieved when a child will go outside and will play in the outdoor environment (Hedges, 2014).
Coming to the social growth, according to me there are various learning aspects which are availed by the society which helps us to grow and tackle things in an effective manner. For social growth again it is necessary that a child should go outside and play. People available in the society provide many guidelines and help us to grow and work accordingly.
In my childhood adults played very vital role in my learning process, it starts from the family like our parents, our elder brother and sister, our tutors, and teachers helps us to learn new things. They provide proper set of guidelines following which helps us to grow and make differences in what is right and what is wrong.
Passing time has changed many things and in the same manner learning environment has also being changed. Now days there are various methods are applied to provide a better and effective learning environment to the child. It is important that children should try to learn new things from the learning environment which is being developed for them. Doing so will help the children in their intellectual growth (Bodrova & Leong, 2007).
Hence, at the end I would like to say that play and learning environment plays a vital role in the growth of a child. It is necessary that elder should understand the importance of play in the development cycle of children and should try to provide appropriate as well as effective learning environment to them.
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2. Former Australian Government Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations | Shared Services Centre. (2017). Deewr.gov.au. Retrieved 2 March 2017, from http://www.deewr.gov.au/EarlyChildhood/Policy_Agenda/Quality/Pages/EarlyYearsLearningFramework.aspx
3. Hargraves, V. (2014). Complex Possibilities: ‘Working Theories’ as an Outcome for the Early Childhood Curriculum. Contemporary Issues In Early Childhood, 15(4), 319-328.
4. Hedges, H. (2014). Young children's 'working theories': Building and connecting understandings. Journal Of Early Childhood Research, 12(1), 35-49.
5. Olusoga, Y., Brock, A., Dodds, S., & Jarvis, P. (2017). We Don't Play Like That Here: Social, Cultural and Gender Perspectives on Play. Perspectives On Play, 40-64.
6. Stoecklin, D. (2013). Theories of action in the field of child participation: In search of explicit frameworks. Childhood, 20(4), 443-457.
7. Fleer, M. (2013). Play in the Early Years (1st ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.
8. Nisbet, E., Zelenski, J., & Murphy, S. (2011). Happiness is in our nature: Exploring nature relatedness as a contributor of subjective well-being. Journal Of Happiness Studies, 12, 303-322.
9. Houghton, D. (2010). No child left inside: 4-H clubs introduce kids to a world of nature. Retrieved 2 March 2017, from http://4h.msue.msu.edu/resources/no_child_left_inside