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EDEC340/EDEC341 Growing Up Children Proof Reading Services
An adult have one of the tough responsibilities is to bringing up the child with no formal training. Most of the people gain knowledge from the people around the or from their parents or grandparents. This report depicts the information about the child care service. The toddler year is the most important time management for learning. At this stage child is totally dependent on parents. Children are mostly influenced by their physical environment and family life. Neurological research also portray that early years of children plays a crucial role in child’s brain development (Edwards, 2012). This study will focus on the children below the age of two years. Parents are the most important role model to their child.
Section 1: Ethics
Ethics is a moral principle that determines human’s behavior or conducting of an activity (Chawla, 2016). According to the ECA (Early Childhood Australia) codes of ethics protection and wellbeing of children is most important. So there are professional responsibilities to take action in presence of unethical practice.
Child is twenty one months old boy, belongs to Hindu family, and lives in Australia.
1. Information letter for target parents and child:
I am a student at University of Australia, studying Bachelor of Teaching. I have been assigned a study on “Growing up Children”. My work is to observe children’s relationship with adults.
I would like to observe XYZ (child name) at “importance of adults in life of children”. My study will include one of the parent’s interaction with XYZ and one of the EC educators with XYZ. I’ll observe three interactions for few minutes in a day. Observation of my study will be natural; there will be no testing of child. Identity of child and parents will remain confidential. The major concern of this study is comfort of the child. I’ll always eagerly to talk with you and if you have any observation related to my assignments, you can contact me anytime. I need a written consent before I can start my study. This will remain confidential at my house and will be torn into pieces after final result of my study. YES/NO/NA
Thank you for your time,
a. Consent form for parents and target child:
I (‘parent name’) fully understand the welfare and wellbeing of my child (‘Child name’) are a priority and that should there be any concern. I give my permission to (‘student name’) to observe my child interacting with (‘name of adult chosen-father/mother/guardian’) and (‘EC educator’) as a part of study (‘Growing up children’) for the University of Australia.
Parent signature Date
Signature of independent witness Date
2. Information letter for Educator / Non-parent of target child:
I am a student at University of Australia, studying Bachelor of Teaching. I have been assigned a study on “Growing up Children”. My work is to observe children relationship with adults.
I would like to observe (‘name of the child’) at “importance of adults in life of children”. My study will include you interacting with (‘name of child’) and I’ll observe your interaction with child. I have got permission from the parents of a child. If you have any queries related to my study, you can anytime contact me.
Thank you for your time,
a. Consent form for Educator / Non-parent of target child:
I (‘name of EC educator’) understand the welfare and wellbeing of child (‘child name’) and give my consent for (‘student name’) to observe child interacting with myself as a part of study for the University of Australia. I acknowledge that the identity of child’s, family and mine will remain confidential. YES/NO/NA
Educator’s signature Date
Signature of independent witness Date
3. Ethics form 5: Ethics Statement
ECA (Early Childhood Australia) code of ethics is a set of statements about proper and anticipated behavior of early childhood professionals. It studies current pedagogical research and practice, also gives framework for reflection about the ethical responsibilities of early childhood professionals. These are new version of the Code of Ethics.
Codes of ethics develop to provide to ensure proper care and support to the children. Code of ethics determines that early child care professionals are in a distinctive position of trust and impact their relationship with children, family, society and colleagues, so social accountability is essential.
Section 2: Introduction of Child
Child is a twenty one months old boy, belongs to Hindu family, living in Australian. He is spontaneous, friendly, talkative but sometimes reserved. Children are complex and unique therefore sometimes it is difficult to comprehend. If you watch the children play, you can find their interest, their development level, what skills they need to practice (Fenech, et all. 2010). One can easily learn a lot about their personalities. For children under the age of 2 proper nurturing should be provided. Observing a child helps not only to understand what they does but also what they does not do and also engage them in the conversation with adults (parents/ grandparents/ educators etc.) (Mac Naughton, et all., 2010).
Section 3: Observations Addressing the Observation Questions
Children the age of twenty one month’s engaged more with those around them but still prefers to play with parents (Taggart, 2011). It is very critical task to provide care to toddlers, who cannot even speak properly and express their requirements. So observation is the only thing which child care professionals can do to understand what child needs.
3.1 The Child and the Parents:
Relationship between the infants and the adult/parents:
The relation between parent and child is the most important relationship among all. It is one of the long lasting relationships. When a baby cries, a parent feed. When a baby snuggles, a parents hugs them. Day and night mother and father look after baby. This relationship is the combination of feelings, expectations, behaviors that varies from parent to parent (Burger, 2010). Bye the end of one year of child, most of the children formed relationship usually with primary care taker. At this age children can able to understand difference between strangers and caregiver.
Some adult sensitivity helps in developing relationship between parent and infants. Some of them are as follows:
Around the age of 12 to 14 months, toddlers learn that they can use information from others face, especially from mothers face (Spodek and Saracho , 2014). For example infants avoid playing with new toys when mother poses scared expression. But happily approached toys when mother shows happy or smiling face. Facial expression of parents found responsive to the child and also parents were attracting and maintaining the toddler’s attention.
Children, who are below 2 year, do not recognize the voice of people who they do not know but still response to what they say. So it is necessary to response to the child by vocal expression. It was found that parent’s voice was warm and gentle and adults were also using their voice to attract the attention of the child.
Position and body contact
Position and body is another important aspect of to make connection with infants. It was seen that child do not feel comfortable when other people come and grab him. He started crying. And yes parents and toddler seated comfortably with physical access to each other and the toys.
Factors impacting relationship between child and parents:
Relationship between parents and child is the most sensitive relationship in the world. It is important to give proper attention to the child. Parental warmth and controlling in a good way creates good relationship between child and parents. Emotions play an important role in development of parent child relation. It’s a two way process, child’s emotion affects parental behavior and parent’s emotion affects child behavior and development. Stress is another aspect which affects the relationship between two. One parent’s bitterness interrupts the other parent’s ability to maintain positive relationship and environment (Warin, 2010).
3.2 The Child and the Non-parents:
Relationship between the infants and the adults/non-parents:
Child and non-parents relationship builds when parents are not present to attend the child, in that place non-parents who take care of a child (Rosa, et all. 2013). Non-parents include grandparents, EC educator, child care professionals etc. Some of the aspects important to build the relationship between infants and non-parents are as follows:
Expression of affection
Expressing warmth and affection to the infants helps build relationship between non-parents and child. It is positive aspects to grow strong relationship. It was found that infant was feeling happy in the hands of non-parents. And also child initiate and try to make longer contact with them.
Position and body
Many times child does not feel comfortable in the hands of other than parents. In the study also infant at first was started crying when any non-parent try to make relationship. But when non-parents try to connect more with him, he becomes comfortable with them.
Non-parents should understand the expression of the infant and also try to provide effective support. Facial expression helps infant to understand better. It was found that infant easily built relationship with his non-parents.
Factors affecting infants and non-parents relationship
There are many factors that affect the relationship between infants and non-parents are as follows:
Attachment is one of the factors which affect relationship between two. As child is already more attached with the parents, hence it causes a little problem for non-parents to get attached easily. Another factor is Parenting Style, parents have different style and non-parents have different. Non-parent should provide proper learning environment, when parent leave the infant with the non-parents, to set the effective relationship.
Section 4: Summary of Observations and Interpretations
During the study, there are many observations and interpretations found. It was found that proper support was provided by both parents and non-parents to the child. The voices of parents and non-parents were warm, slow and gentle. The infant was immediately giving response to the parents and the adults were also expressing pleasure in the infant in a way the toddler can perceive. The activity played by both parents and non-parents with infant was very feasible and enjoyable. Infants have potential to learn in a very short time after birth and they learn through doing things, hearing, through seeing and touching. They are interested in communicating with other people in different ways including eye contact, facial expression, vocal expression, through sound, body and expression of parents and others. There is a belief in Bhutanese that babies do not see at birth and takes 3-4 weeks to see, so it is important for parents to make baby feel comfortable through body touch and sounds.
A theory of Bowlby & Ainsworth depicts that parents who consistently love their child or significant reliable caregiver helps in development of attachment and trust foundation between infants and parents. Interruption may involve maternal deprivation and separation anxiety. Parents should be more as friendly as a parent.
According to the theory of Cox and Paley, 2003, “understanding family as system”, describes when the whole family come together, parents behave differently when interacting one on one with child also includes the child into the fight. Parents and non-parents should need to understand the factors affecting the infant’s growth and development.
Lack of care during the early years of life of the infants has a destructive effect on the health, growth and personality of the child. Language and intellectual are important aspects in the very first six months to three years of life of infants. When children spend their initial life in less motivated environment, their brain development affects and leads to social and behavioral delay. High level of stress cause an increase the risk of stress related disease and generate difficulties in learning.
Section 5: Planning
There is an outdoor activity planned with child, parents and non-parents. The name of the activity is “Ring A Ring O’ Roses (circle game). Circle games are wonderful because it builds a confidence and make friends.
Involvement of parents and non-parents in the activity:
First, join hands with each other and form a circle with everybody.
Second, walk around the circle while singing the song. “Ring around the Rosie, a pocket full of posies, ashes, ashes, we all fall down.
Thirdly, stop walking and sit down quickly. The one who sits last is out of the game and sits off to the side while the game continues. Repeat steps, when 2 persons left, the first person sitting after the song ends is the winner.
Infants love holding hands, together falling down and jumping up again.
5.1 Recommendation For Planning:
This game helps parents, non-parents and educator to develop cognitive and emotional relationship. It also helps in social development. This planning helps in building caring and responsive relationship with infants.
Section 6: My Feedback to Peers:
It could be suggested that second year of the life of infants sees dramatic developments ability to understand emotions and developing interest in goals and desires. Peers should try to give information to the parents of the child that children below the age of 2 are very sensitive and should be treated with love and care and parents should also give proper time to the child. It is also found that children perform better when parents involve in their education.
Section 7: Reflection
Reflections are ongoing events that help us to think honestly about professional ideas and practice. It summons us to take step back to analyze personal experience to increase learning and to surmise upon the future and act (Newman, et all. 2014).
7.1 My Peer’sposting
Peers suggested various things related to child care and provided the direction of doing things properly. It is important to understand the guideline and codes of conducts before taking care of infants, which is provided by peer members.
7.2 My Reflections
It is very important to understand the children and their family and also to maintain open and honest relationship with them. It is very delicate matter in which person has to give its hundred percent by collaborating and establish positive relationship with families (Cook, et all. 2015). Sometimes miscommunication or a little misunderstanding creates differences.
Section 8: Factors Impacting on Relationship Development
According to the Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological System Theory of Development, suggests that person’s development affected by their surrounding environment (Christensen, 2010). He divided environment into five different levels. This theory helps in finding impact on the infant’s relationship with parents and non-parents.
Five different levels are:
Micro system:It is the first stage consist family, peers and caregivers. This level describes your reaction to the other people will affect how they treat you in return. The first part is his home. Infant interact with his parents and non-parents.
Mesosystem:This stage consist interaction with different part of micro system. If less than 2 year old child does not get positive attitude from parents he will interact with society.
Exosystem:Not having active participation of parents in the life of infants affects their development and also relation with them.
Macrosystem:In this stage infant started developing relation with the society, so needs the support of the parents.
Chronosystem:It is a stage where there is transition and shifts in infant’s life. For example divorce of parents also affects the life of the child.
Section 9: Relation to Theory
Managing children is one of the tough tasks which require proper information about child. Professional can understand with various theories which provide proper directions are as follows:
Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory describes the stages of the development of child. It help professionals as well as parents to understand learning stages of child and also helps in providing guidance that impact behavior of children.
Erik Erikson proposes a psychoanalytic theory consist eight stages from infancy to adulthood. The person experience positive or negative outcomes for personality development (Batra, 2013).
So this both study directly impact the infant and its parents and non-parents. These both study describes the stages of development of infant, which helps professional to understand the growth of toddlers and behavior of parents.
9.1 This Child’s Emotional Development
Emotion development helps in making decision and appropriate difference between right and wrong. Theories helps child understand on whom to trust. This child is less than 2 year old, professionals, parents and non-parents should let him deal with autonomy, initiative, identity etc. (Cole, et all. 2010).
9.2 Implications for Early Childhood Practice
Implication of the theory in early childhood is important to learn better and grow in effective environment. According to the study published in Economic Journal depicts those children who are growing up if have a large number of books in their home tend to be higher earner later in life. Early childhood practices are important to get them ready for schools. Now days it is essential to provide direction or goal to the child because it will support to their bright future.
In a children’s early life parents are one of the most important people, through which they learn about world and how to conversation with others (Shonkoff, et all. 2012). Child below the age of 2 requires better support to learn and understand environment. Child care professional should have knowledge about the practices and codes of conduct, and also behavioral patterns of child and various studies related to it to provide services accordingly.
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Warin, J., 2010. Stories of self: Tracking children’s identity and wellbeing through the school years. Trentham Books.