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Coronary artery disease occurs when some of the main blood vessels which supply the heart with blood, nutrients as well as oxygen are damaged or attacked by a disease. Deposits that contain cholesterol plaque in the arteries causing inflammations which are normally to be blamed for the coronary artery disease (Ueda, Gulayin & Danaei, 2018). When arteries are plaque, they become narrowed and rigid restricting the blood from flowing to the heart muscles starving it of the highly needed oxygen supply. It should be noted that when the plaque bursts, it can result in sudden heart arrest or heart attack. At a tender age, plaques may start going into the walls of the blood vessels
Coronary artery risk factors are habits or conditions which raise an individual risk of suffering from coronary artery disease as well as heart attack. The risk factors have the potential to increase chances of existing coronary artery or even worsen it. One of the major risk factors of coronary artery disease is hypertension which is described as the heart disease whereby blood via the arteries or the blood vessels at a higher pressure as compared to a normal blood pressure (Yu et al, 2016). In order to reduce the effects of high blood pressure one has to reduce high intake of sugars/fats or foods that contain a lot of sugar /fats especially at the tender age (Yuan Yao et al, 2018). This will ensure that the body does not produce too much leptin and insulin which respond to diets containing higher carb resulting hypertension (Nan Wu et al, 2018). However, I want to disagree that people who are at risk of hypertension should not take sugars and fat at the tender age. This due to the fact that as people grow, they need fats and sugars for their body growth and development. According to a research that was done by the Dietary Guidelines for the Americans in 2010, reducing the amount of sugars or fats in the diet for younger people will lower or reduce the energy content of their diet which might affect their development. Thus, reducing sugary or fatty diets will only affect the growth of younger people who need to grow and develop. Other measure apart from reducing sugars and fats should be recommended.
1. Nan Wu, Guili Liu, Yi Huang, Qi Liao, Liyuan Han, Huandan Ye, … Xiaomin Chen. (2018). Study of the association of 17 lipid-related gene polymorphisms with coronary heart disease. Anatolian Journal of Cardiology / Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi, 19(6), 360–367. https://doi.org/10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2018.23682
2. Ueda, P., Gulayin, P., & Danaei, G. (2018). Long-term moderately elevated LDL-cholesterol and blood pressure and risk of coronary heart disease. PLoS ONE, 13(7), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0200017
3. Yu, E., Rimm, E., Lu Qi, Rexrode, K., Albert, C. M., Qi Sun, … Manson, J. E. (2016). Diet, Lifestyle, Biomarkers, Genetic Factors, and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in theNursingand HealthCareStudies. American Journal of Public Health, 106(9), 1616–1623. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2016.303316
4. Yuan Yao, Tao Song, Gang Xiong, Zhaogui Wu, Qi Li, Hao Xia, & Xuejun Jiang. (2018). Combination of peripheral blood mononuclear cell miR-19b-5p, miR-221, miR-25-5p, and hypertension correlates with an increased heart failure risk in coronary heart disease patients. Anatolian Journal of Cardiology / Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi, 20(2), 100–109. https://doi.org/10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2018.4325