CHC50113 Early Childhood Education and Care Assignment

CHC50113 Early Childhood Education and Care Assignment

CHC50113 Early Childhood Education and Care Assignment


Early childhood education system is important for a child to grow up and being a responsible person in the society. Child care and early childhood educational system hold the key to the success of being a responsible person in a local community. Different types of childcare system have different types of facilities. Though they all have to maintain a proper way of getting the best out of any system, they need to maintain a proper standard for the purpose to make the children get the best out of the system. These early childhood educational systems need to have a system by which the people can get a facility for their child. The distinct pattern of this system must be for the development of the child health and mental growing. Preschool is available for the people of Australia need to maintain a standard to make sure they can get the best out of any situation. The government of Australia already made proper diet and educational system for the children in Australia.

CHC50113 Early Childhood Education and Care Assignment

1. Sleep, rest and relaxation:

a)Sipila, Repo & Rissanen (2010) mentioned that across the world the children have different sleeping habits. Some people use the bed or other people uses the mats on the floor. The lighting, noise, temperature and ventilation system must be quite good while sleeping. The people must be relaxed while sleeping in this process. The place must be noise free and there must not any sound or playground around that place. The room must be suitable for the people in it to relax and getting the best way to be relaxed while sleeping. After all the room must be a full of soft light that will be helpful for the children to sleep as soon as possible. The temperature must be humidity free and around 5 to 7 degree lower than the normal temperature.

b)Max`s mother can do some activities with Max so that they can make a better bonding with each other and that will also be helpful for the Max to develop his mind and mental conditions. They can play board games to get the result. They can solve puzzle and board game too. Max`s mother can play with toys with max too (Barnes et al.2010).

c)The authority of the child care school can make sure that their parents are also easy to access regarding their child's matters. Management can increase their authority over them to get the best way to make sure they can get the best service from any of these service centres. The authority can do several things to make a communication platform with the parents to make sure they can understand each other's criteria. They can meet on every alternative weekend to understand each other's point of views. Their authority can arrange some physical exercise classes for the Max so that he can sleep properly while resting. Max does not sleep on the resting time. So they authority can send them for a sports instructor so that he can guide Max for playing some game. The authority of the day care system can arrange a nanny for Max to talk to him and help him to sleep (Vandell et al.2010).

d)The authority of the day care centre can arrange a nanny for Max who can care for his sleeplessness. The many can walk around and talk to Max to take care of him. She can also understand him more closely to make sure the nanny can understand his needs and attention for anything. It will help Max to be free and frank with the nanny. It will also help him to be relaxed and sleep after the sport and in the resting time. Max is the very energetic boy who does not want to sleep in the school time. That is the reason why Max does not sleep in the resting time. However, with the proper guidance and care, he can sleep properly (Gupta & Simonsen, 2010).

2. Supervise children to ensure safety:

a)It is a big place for three educators. The playground and the building portions are divided into two parts. There are 25 students in it who`s age is about 3 to 5 years. The educators are strictly instructed to look upon all the children. That is the reason why there must be three places from where they can observe the children. As there are so many ways to put the observatory in the places, the place must be easy to access and that must be easy for the instructors to observe on all the children. They can put two educators on the two sandpits and they can put another educator on the veranda. He can walk on the veranda to observe the children (Porter, 2010).

b)The educators can switch their positions on break time or they can off the duty. They can switch their documentations to the other person on the duty and they can write down the documentation to the next person on duty. After all, they can report the student's profile and they can read out the students profile to get the best way of taking the responsibility to the other person. After all the system need to be very clear about the purpose of the student safety and they can make sure that they can reach the expected result of the Australian day care system. They can mail to their higher authority to make sure there is no student left on the playground while the class is on the go (Swain & Hillel, 2010).

c)Management of the day-care system decided to make a water play in the morning for the colder. They can arrange that water play in the middle of the field under the open sky to make sure that they students get a natural touch in it. The management can ask the educators to get to that point and to observe the children's make sure they can do the water play without any trouble. As the management want the safety of the children that means they can get the best way of making a child happy and safe while the water play. After the water play, they can get the best way of taking the children to the day-care system to make sure they can study in day care system (Parr, 2007).

3. Safe collection of children:

a)The woman can be anyone who can be a problem in future. It is not legal for the day-care system to send a child home with an unknown person. The unknown per can be anyone who have no ID proof and there in so system to very is she is telling the truth or not. That is the reason why they need to make sure that person is not a fraud and they cannot get away with Max. That is the reason why management of the day-care centre need to confirm that they have the ID proof of the lady. They can also ask for the authorisation letter of the woman from the parents of Max (Barnettet al.2005).

b)Shpancer et al. (2002) mentioned that the regulation developed on 1st march 2016 and that regulation strictly said that there are no way a child should not be left in day care system, If anyone except parent wanted to pick him up they have to use their proper ID proof and they need to make sure that they have the authentic letter from the parents to get the child from the day care system. The day-care system authority is strictly responsible for the child and his security. They have to ensure that their school is completely secured by the administrative level and the standard of the Australian government (Yagupsky et al.2006).

4. Respond to signs of illness:

4.1.a Symptoms most likely indicating:

Here, it has been observed that Max looks swollen and rash on neck. This has been indicated the symptoms of Rubella fever, where the symptoms usually take two to three weeks to develop on the body. Moreover, these symptoms can appear due to having chicken pox also. According to Hockenberry & Wilson (2014), the symptoms of Rubella fever or Chicken pox fever can have a body temperature of more than 102o F. In this case, the patient might need to have paining in joints all around the body. Moreover, the patient can feel tiredness due to having this disease. In this case, the health practitioner will need to check past medical report of Max, whether the had such kind of issues or not.

4.1.b Steps needed to be taken:

In this case, Max will need to take to the health practitioner for examining his health status. Based on that, necessary medicine should provide to the children. The steps needed to be taken are discussed below:

1. Necessary medicines like Paracetamol will need to use as per health practitioners instruction so that fever can be controlled. Along with this, hot steam mighty helps the patient for some relief from a cough (, 2016).

2. Apart from that, it is necessary to avoid the spread of infection to other children. Therefore, it is necessary to keep Max in a separate room. On the other hand, warm cloths and towels will need to use to make his body warm.

3. Then Max will need to take plenty of fluids. Along with this, timely food will need to be provided for having the necessary strength. Communication with parents is also necessary in this case.

4.1.c Strategies to minimise the risk of future anaphylactic reactions:

1st strategy:the school staffs will need to be aware of the risk of anaphylactic reaction. Along with this, staffs will need to have necessary training so that uncertain situations can be handled. In this case, the necessary medicare options will need to have within the school.

2nd strategy:the students of the school will need to be aware around what to do in case of having such kind of symptoms. Therefore, the school authority will need to provide necessary training so that precautions can be taken immediately. The students should know few names of medicines so that necessary medicines can be taken in the uncertain situation (Christophersen & Vanscoyoc, 2013).

3rd strategy:The foods and drinks cause such kind of diseases and symptoms should be avoided by the school authority. In this regard past medical reports will need to be observed.

4.2.a Symptoms most likely indicating:

The symptoms are most likely indicating allergies and asthma to the patient. That means Pia is having asthma problem. Along with this, the patient could have bouts of acute sinusitis. Due to this, Pia could have such kind of disease. In this case, Pia could have nasal congestion, watery eyes and high body temperature. Moreover, Buie et al. (2010) stated that such kind of symptoms could have chest congestion also with wheezing. Pia has all these symptoms. That means she could be suffered from bouts of acute sinusitis. Therefore, Pia should have necessary treatment and school authority should have conscious about this. 

4.2.b Steps needed to be taken:

Asthma could be suffered for long-time. Therefore, necessary medicare and precautions will need to be taken by the patients. The necessary steps are as follows:

1. The 1st step is to consult with the specialised doctor about the disease. Along with this, the school authority or her parent will need to check previous medical report on Pia’s asthma problem.

2. In this case, Pia should contain mouth inhaler for inhaling medicine so that asthma problem can be controlled. Along with this, stressful activity should be avoided by the patient, because this kind of activity will be caused high breathing problem.

4.2.c Concern with the family of Pia about asthma problem:

In this case, the school authority will need to concern with Pia's family and her past asthma medical reports. If this is an old problem, then Pia should consult with her appointed doctor, who has been appointed before about this issue. On the other hand, school authority or her family will need to consult with a specialised doctor so that her breathing problem can be controlled.

5. Nutritional requirements:

5.1.a Weekly nutrition menu for children:

In this case, it has been asked to change the past nutrition menu for children. Here, the health worker will need to develop a new menu for the children based on Australian dietary guideline. In this case, the health worker will need to take care regarding all necessary guidelines and necessary nutrition for the children. Along with this, the health worker will need to take care of taste of the food. The changed menu for children has been framed below:

Recommended new food menu with proper nutrition for children between age group of 12 months to 5 years:


Vegetables and legumes


Grains (cereal)

Lean meat, fish, poultry, eggs, nuts, seeds, legumes, beans

Milk, yoghurt, cheese & alternatives

Allowance for additional serves from any food group








12 months - 2 years








3 years - 5 years

Table 1: Food menu for children age group between 12 months to 5 years

(Source:, 2016)

5.1.b: National Quality Standard and Element

In this case, the health worker has been framed the dietary guideline according to the National Quality Framework (NQF). According to this standard, all the children should have nutrition with their food and necessary foods and medicines will need to feed to the children timely. On the other hand, necessary vaccines will need to take for better health of children (, 2016).

5.1.c: Ways to provide education and support to families around healthy eating

1. The 1st way is to provide necessary training about the nutritious foods for children. Along with this, names of necessary medicines will need to inform to the family. A practical session for knowing the nutritious food items will need to provide to the family of the children (Kooros & Levy, 2013).

2. List of nutritious food items will need to provide in hard copy to the family members for their information. Along with this, the ingredients of the food items will need to be informed to the family of children.

3. Books can be provided to the family so that they can read and aware about the nutritious foods.

5.1.d: Ensuring children having ready access to water between mealtimes

Taking water between meal times is not according to the guideline under Australian Quality Framework (AQF). However, due to having a problem during taking a meal, the children can take water, but the water will need to be sufficient.

6. Food preparation:







Apple sauce, oat meal, banana, 1/2 cup milk

Bread butter, peas, cheese, 1/2 milk

1/4 cup cheerios, 1/2 cup milk

pan cakes, egg, fruit, 1/2 cup milk


Apple sauce, oat meal, banana, 1/2 cup milk

Cottage cheese, tuna fish, peas, 1/2 cup milk

1/4 cup cheerios, 1/2 cup milk

Homemade pizza, burger, 1/2 milk


Egg (Scramble), Cheese, 1/2 cup milk

Bread jam, peaches, broccoli, 1/2 cup milk

4-5 crackers with peanut butter, 1/2 cup milk

chicken, cheese, roll, 1/2 cup milk


Apple sauce, oat meal, banana, 1/2 cup milk

Bread butter, peas, cheese, 1/2 milk

1/4 cup cheerios, 1/2 cup milk

pan cakes, egg, fruit, 1/2 cup milk


Egg (Scramble), Cheese, 1/2 cup milk

Bread jam, peaches, broccoli, 1/2 cup milk

4-5 crackers with peanut butter, 1/2 cup milk

chicken, cheese, roll, 1/2 cup milk


Apple sauce, oat meal, banana, 1/2 cup milk

Cottage cheese, tuna fish, peas, 1/2 cup milk

1/4 cup cheerios, 1/2 cup milk

Homemade pizza, burger, 1/2 milk


Egg (Scramble), Cheese, 1/2 cup milk

Bread jam, peaches, broccoli, 1/2 cup milk

Crackers, 1/2 oz cheese, 1/2 milk

steak, roll, carrot, baked pot, 1/2 cup milk


The overall contribution of this study has been stated the necessary guidelines about health care for children. Along with this, necessary disease and their medication solutions also have been discussed throughout the study. On the other hand, proper diet control and nutrition guidelines have been framed according to Australian Quality Framework for children.

Reference list: (2016), Retrieved from:

Barnes, J., Leach, P., Malmberg, L. E., Stein, A., Sylva, K., & FCCC Team. (2010). Experiences of childcare in England and socio?emotional development at 36 months. Early Child Development and Care, 180(9), 1215-1229.

Barnett, A. G., Williams, G. M., Schwartz, J., Neller, A. H., Best, T. L., Petroeschevsky, A. L., & Simpson, R. W. (2005). Air pollution and child respiratory health: a case-crossover study in Australia and New Zealand. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 171(11), 1272-1278.

Buie, T., Fuchs, G. J., Furuta, G. T., Lewis, J. & Winter, H. (2010). Recommendations for evaluation and treatment of common gastrointestinal problems in children with ASDs. Pediatrics, 125(Supplement 1), S19-S29.

Christophersen, E. R., & Vanscoyoc, S. M. (2013). Treatments that work with children: Empirically supported strategies for managing childhood problems . American Psychological Association.

Gupta, N. D., & Simonsen, M. (2010). Non-cognitive child outcomes and universal high quality child care. Journal of Public Economics, 94(1), 30-43.

Hockenberry, M. J., & Wilson, D. (2014). Wong's nursing care of infants and children. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Kooros, K., & Levy, J.,. (2013). Standards of medical care for patients with diabetes mellitus. Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal, 20(2). (2016), Retrieved from: (2016), Retrieved from:

Parr, N. (2007). Which women stop at one child in Australia?. Journal of Population Research, 24(2), 207-225.

Porter, M.E., (2010). What is value in health care?. New England Journal of Medicine, 363(26), pp.2477-2481.

Shpancer, N., Bowden, J., Ferrell, M., Pavlik, S., Robinson, M., Schwind, J., ... & Young, J. (2002). The gap: Parental knowledge about daycare. Early Child Development and Care, 172(6), 635-642.

Sipila, J., Repo, K., & Rissanen, T. (Eds.). (2010). Cash for childcare: the consequences for caring mothers. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Swain, S., & Hillel, M. (2010). Child, nation, race and empire: child rescue discourse, England, Canada and Australia, 1850-1915 (Vol. 74). Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Vandell, D. L., Belsky, J., Burchinal, M., Steinberg, L., & Vandergrift, N. (2010). Do effects of early child care extend to age 15 years? Results from the NICHD study of early child care and youth development. Child development, 81(3), 737-756.

Yagupsky, P., Erlich, Y., Ariela, S., Trefler, R., & Porat, N. (2006). Outbreak of Kingella kingae skeletal system infections in children in daycare. The Pediatric infectious disease journal, 25(6), 526-532.