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In the Discourse on Method, Descartes outlined the way an individual can be critical in one's personal life and thus attain several truths. Such perception had been fundamental for the extensive acceptance of the scientific and methodical approach. Descartes’ highly independent thoughts further influenced various revolutions including the French Revolution (Descartes). It had been observed that leaders or proponents of the French Revolution relied greatly on Descartes’ assertion whereby individuals must rely on their senses and thoughts along with personal industry experiences. Such reliance according to the author had been significant for obtaining guidance on the way individuals should live rather than emphasizing on authority, values and tradition (Allan). The following paper evaluates the key approaches by Descartes, which provided a groundwork for modernization.
Descartes exhibited immense disbelief in authoritarianism. Furthermore, he was of this perspective that all individuals exhibit a propensity to possess the ‘natural light of reason’, which is regarded as the belief that each individual possesses the potential for the discovery of truth. These discoveries Busnel et al. noted thathowever emerged from the restraints and suppression of the truths by the Roman Catholic authoritarianism (Irwin). Although, Descartes had been a devout Catholic, such a perception assisted him to the protestant reformation of the dominance of individual conscience. Such a belief had also been perceived as influential in the growth of democracy. It is important to note that John Locke, recognised as political philosopher had also obtained insights from Descartes and had further reflected those influential ideas on his work on Thomas Jefferson (Descartes). Drawn from the similarity of these perspectives Locke attained the belief that all individuals possesses the natural light of reason (Descartes).
. He noted that for around the next three centuries philosophers would establish systems or approaches of thought in which they would have (Descartes)Descartes in his Discourse on Method further reflected his certainty regarding the world's essentiality on being rational and coherent utmost confidence and would be intrinsically integrated to the absolute truths. However, Friston state that, such a perception would be consequential in the prevalent positivity related to the development of science. As the universe is perceived to confirm to the systematic loss nature can this be exposed to the control and regulation of humans. Descartes’ comprehensive analysis of individualistic events and experiences as an approach to philosophy had also been reflected on the book of Discourse on Method (Descartes). It had been observed by Irwin that the self-reflective narrative, which Descartes used in his philosophical writings, had proven to be inductive of an advanced approach towards philosophy. As a result, following the author's perspectives, notions, the analysis of individualistic experiences and narratives had been recognised as a universal approach in philosophical understandings.
Descartes’ prominent assertion “I think, therefore I am” had fuelled the propositions of that time and posed queries in relation to the attributes of personalities as well as personal recognition. ‘What is the self, the “I” which Descartes has significantly established as a groundwork of knowledge had been reflected on his work on the ‘Discourse on Method’ (Descartes). This proved that Descartes had the competence of being sceptical or misled regarding the determinants of nature around him, which includes his own body as well (Friston). Furthermore, Allan observed that Descartes possessed certain attributes within him that was the “I” which had been recognised with the soul that was the existence, which, for him had been absolutely certain as even in the procedure of doubting everything he could not strike down the fact that he was indulged in his thoughts.
. These approaches would require no more justifications than most intellect processes and (Descartes). Descartes further proposed two improved characteristics of these methods apart from the fact that it does not necessitate any difference to the conventional approaches of comprehending the world, typically perceived as being egalitarian (Friston)In establishing his modernized worldviews along with an enhanced research method for all his cautionary notions and words about the way these outlooks would not be appropriate for everyone further made it distinct that any individual capable of rational thinking ability will enable others to comprehend him and also follow his path had been highly self-corrective and radical for errors, which can be contested by an enhanced application of the method whereby contemporary thinkers can establish their work based on the earlier ones. Thus Friston stated that based on Descartes’ modern worldview, negotiations will be able to seek relevant resolutions devoid of the need for perpetual arguments regarding the most essential things such as dispute on scholarly narratives related to ancient texts where resolutions fail to justify.
Such discourses, as per the view of Descartes may establish scholars’ reputation for attaining knowledge and prominence however might leave the readers in a state of ambiguity. However Descartes through his modernized ideas can be perceived as a highly confident narrator and his believes that notions would lead to a progressive enhancement in what individuals of modern world know.
1. Allan, Leslie. "Descartes's Method of Doubt." (2017).Developmental Psychology Claire, et al. "Tony DeCasper, the man who changed contemporary views on human fetal cognitive abilities." ?2. Busnel, Marie
psychobiology 59.1 (2017): 135-139.
3. Descartes, René. Discourse on the Method. Charles River Editors via PublishDrive, 2018.
4. United " Discourse on method and related writings ". Descartes, René kingdom: Penguin, 1999. 256. Https://books.google.co.in/books?id=3nknimdldmsc&source=gbs_navlinks_s.
5. Friston, Karl. "I am therefore I think." The Unconscious. Routledge, 2016. 127-151.
6. Irwin, Jones. "Authority Through Freedom. On Freire’s Radicalisation of the Authority-Freedom Problem in Education." Espacio, Tiempo y Educación 5.1 (2018): 57-69