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BSBWHS401 Implement and Monitor WHS Policies Assignment
This assignment includes about overall mechanism regarding information of hazardous and drastic situation which had to find out in workplace related to safety issues and back injury happened in company. In company employees need overall training and support to manage these hazards. In this assignment, it is dictated about back injury factors and severity rates which company has to analyse whole functions in Construction Company. Evaluation procedure is to be determined in back injury condition and health and safety pressure.
Evaluation procedure regarding back injury of workers in Commercial Construction Company:
Low back injury in the workplace is now determined as more prevalent and expendable musculoskeletal related worked panic disorder for an organization. This injury basically increase the pain negatively impacts 1,000,000 employees and low level workers in any work place. It is generally responsible from most of lost working days in comparison to other musculoskeletal disorder. According to data Labour Force, Australia, there are around 4, 40,000 people had missed their work at least for a day just because of back injury , But its minority of this impacted back injury workers could not be taken into account regarding majority determined for costs and health care. Such workers have to miss around six working periods a month due to this back injury reason. Seasonal Worker Programme is the major program which is assigned with major information and practices of work- related illnesses and back injuries. It also provides various injury data and statistical facts related to incident and other back injury characteristics (Australian bureau of Statistics, 2017).
Back injuries in workers have become major issues in an organization. It has determined as increment in costs in subject to back injuries. Company should implement few but effective safety measures and apply it to their organization involving ergonomics workshops. Several companies use to apply such back belts of programs but none of these actions and steps would be detected as effective and curbing impact. Company should rely with effective approaches of ergonomic programs and back injury related tasks. There are no any regulations and effective workshops for musculoskeletal issues in company for their workers (Wong, 2017).
Company should focus on specific exercise testing and programs which are totally rely on extensor strengthening. A Control panel or group should be formed for isometric back power and find out the injury reason Back injury is basically depend on demand of physical job in an organization and such companies are not able to organize and prevent such reasons which are relate to increase back injury rates and missing working days in an organization. Company should organize effective workshops and maintain proper protocols to schedule overall work pattern of employees for baseline power and strength of employees (Wong, 2017).
Company has been prepared schedule toolbox techniques to inform all employees about applying new techniques regarding low back injury rates and workshops:
Company back injury rates: In construction company workers have to face their back injury problems and issues more than 6 times a month. There are around 20% of fatally injured staffs are appointed in construction company (Korosec, 2017).
Injury reports has managed by SEASONAL WORKER PROGRAMME (Illness, Injury and fatal) Programs in which whole data and reason has been defined and got understood under European Commission Regulation (Australian Government Department of Employment, 2017).
Company near miss for back injury rates:
Fatal accidents are basically occurred in construction company in case of missing near back injury. It leads to death of the worker within a given period. These are basic facts related to miss near back injury records.
Generally these incidents are happened higher for men depending upon geographical and economic activities. There around 62.2% of fatal accidents are occurred in construction work sites within EU-28. Around 29.9% of workers lost their jobs due to hard physical work (Australian Government Department of Employment, 2017).
The overall statistical data has been managed from European council Regulation and members state to evaluate community under European Commission Regulation (EU) no. 349/ 2014 (Australian Government Department of Employment, 2017).
Commercial construction company has 60 sub-contractors and they need around 400 foremen and workers in working sites. They face several difficulties like missing back injury records of workers, leave and disability which generally appears before construction team and management.
Other reason for fatal injuries
Company needs to measure and monitor the coherence among workers back injury and strengthening reports are to be considered (Health working lives, 2014).
Benchmark of company regarding any area of working site should be undertaken including safety performance. Safety of their employees should be given first priority. Company should appoint safety manager who should give proper training to employees. Data should be obtainable related to back injury experience and facts pertaining to prevent such back injury incidents which could be controlled by companies (Spengler & Martin, 2017).
Benchmark of construction company for back injury:
News release Bureau of labor statistics (Australian Government Department of Employment, 2017) has been defined that overall incident rate regarding non-fatal injury as per 10000 workers in 2015 (Spengler & Martin, 2017).
Construction Company has appoint 75 workers
Total working hours = 150,000 hours.
Missing/loss back injuries = 8 loss/ per year
= Number of lost time injuries in accounting period /Total hours worked in accounting period * 1000000
= 8/150000 = 0.00005333*1000000
= 53.33 lost-time injuries per million hours worked
= No. of recordable injuries / number of employees labor hour worked *200000
= 8/150000*200000 = 10.66
= 10.66 shows that s that for every 100 employees, 10.66 employees have been involved in a recordable injury or illness
Average lost time/ severity rate
= Work Days Lost x 200,000
Total Hours Worked
= 65 days *200000/150000
= 86.66 days
It indicate that company may lost 86.66 days if it has to work 200000 hour during the year
You are required to present these statistics to your next senior executive weekly committee meeting. Describe how you will present this information. Include copies of any graphs or tables that might be relevant.
Weekly Committee meeting, Commercial Construction Company
This statistical report dictates about analysis and evaluation implemented regarding statistical process. This report includes frequency rates, average lost rates of back injuries and also describes about severity value rate of the company. Company has faced 8 losses due to back injuries after appointing 75 workers in workplace. This report describes the relevancy of company regarding total working hours and its back injury losses as per analysis done.
Company needs to reduce its back injury loss and missing hours occurred due to disability of workers in a workplace and serious issue regarding their low back illness and reducing working capacity. In the working site or place company had appointed around 75 workers and decided their working hours around 150,000 hours as per capacity. Company had to face 8 losses sue to serious back injury and disability factors happened in workplace among employees. Being in post of safety supervisor proper workshops is to be conducted and employees should be given proper training and provide them security facilitation. Before these arrangements, company had decided to collect statistical data and facts related to frequency rate, incidence rate and severity time rate in company regarding loss and back injury issues for evaluation ( Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2013).
Frequency rate would be calculated which indicate about poor condition of company due to high frequency rate. There were around 100 labours who were suffering from back injury and disable to continue their duty sue to reducing capacity. Incidence rate is increasing day by day. After analysis it is analysed that there were around 10.66 % of workers who are being suffered from illness and accidental issues. Company’s security systems and workshops are going to be failed by time to time. Company need to manage overall condition effectively. Employees are responsibility of the construction company. But due to carelessness and weak management System, Company should effective decision to reduce these back injuries’ incidents. Severity rate is the average loss or missing time by which company’s loss related to working procedure can be calculated. After calculation of Severity rate, Company’s loss has been increased by 16.66%. Company will face their working day loss around 86.66% after 10.66% back injury. If remaining workers would work around 200,000 hours still company has to bear 86.66% loss (News release Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2016).
Graphical presentation is given to define company’s frequency rate, severity rate and incidence rate due to back injury of workers:
Total working hours
By overall analysis it can be easily dictated that company is in critical situation. Company needs to evaluate overall performance of their employees and try to reduce their rate of back injury of workers. It will create negative impact on upon company’s overall performance. Company needs to perform well and try to implement effective security systems by surveying, identifying all complimentary solutions where safety programs and workshops inefficiency exists (Environmental health sciences, 2015).
This report concludes about safety indicators are overall actions the company needs to take for effective evaluation of various injury rates related to frequency and incidence procedure. This report also indicates about status and activities of company which is relates that how company will reduce their back injury rates from effective programs goals and objectives (Australian Government Department of Employment, 2017).
Create an action plan to address various problems regarding health and safety issues:
Actions to be taken
In any large department company needs to give training to their employees. These training should be effective and should follow the code of conduct and ethical standards. (Kron, et. al, 2012).
As health and safety representative in department effective and reliable norms and ethical standards should be made and followed by each and every one in company. Company should conduct workshops and seminar in which whole apprentice ship session should be provided to trainees. (Kron, et. al, 2012).
Health and safety department would be liable for this mistake and carelessness. Safety and health representative would be relying on overall process of health and safety department and compliance policies (Kron, et. al, 2012).
Lack of efficiency and decline the performance criteria of employees
Employees’ performance and productivity will be emphasized as key performance indicator.
Health and safety factors
If company’s health and safety factor would be weak then it will decline the proficiency of company and performance of employees would be become low due to weak factor regarding health and safety issues. (Australian Government Department of Employment, 2017).
Being as health and safety representative proper analysis should be made to prepare effective and strong health policies. (Kusek, et. al., 2017).
Health and safety authority would be responsible.
Work hazards and problems
Employees will become disabling to perform well and profitability of company will become inefficient.
Ethical code of conduct
Top management needs to conduct effective workshops to analyze ethical standards and technological requirement to solve safety issues in company but from last two years company had not been conducted any seminar or training workshops (Alcumus, 2014)
Company should prepare proper analysis regarding health and safety issues. If companies do not address any information regarding training facilities then employees has a right to sue. (Alcumus, 2014).
Training manager and standard’s experts would be liable for these issues.
Commination gaps would be other additional factors which create hazardous impact on company and trainees. (Alcumus, 2014).
Corporate governance and compliance polices would be key performance indicator.
Communication gaps is the major reason of such issues, when employees raise any words or points they would be ignored by top management due to arrogance, little communication among top and lower management staff (Mandt, 2017).
Staffs and other employees should give a right to express their views and thought so that they could become familiar to their company and environment. Information gaps could be reduced in such times. (Kusek, et. al., 2017).
Many times top management and sometimes employees are also responsible for their information gap. Rude and formal behavior becomes the major reason for communication gap (Mandt, 2017).
Formal behaviour can be taken as additional factor that impact internal environment of the company (Kusek, et. al., 2017).
Internal control and workplace hazard would be major issues in this.
This report defines about health and safety issues and back injury factors by which company needs to evaluate this procedure and reduce such communication gap among top and lower management. Low back injury in the workplace is now determined as more prevalent and expendable musculoskeletal related worked panic disorder for an organization. This report also concludes about company’s activities and step regarding work hazards placed in an area (Safety Metrics, 2013).
Kusek, J. Z. & Rist, C., 2017. Ten steps based on monitoring and evaluation systems. The World Bank
Kron, M., Rummerfield, P. & Holmes, B., 2012. The Effect of Workplace Based Strengthening on Low Back Injury Rates: A Case Study in the Strip Mining Industry. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, Vol 5.
Environmental health sciences, 2015. Back injuries in the workplace. University of Minnesota.
Bureau of Labor statistics, 2013. Fatality statistics. Australian Government Department of Employment.
Spengler, D. M. & Martin, N. A., 2017. Back injuries in industry: a retrospective study. III. Employee-related factors. NCBI.
Australian Government Department of Employment, 2017. Australian bureau of Statistics, 2017. Fatality statistics. Safe work Australia
News release Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2016. Nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses requiring days away from work, 2015. Australian Government Department of Employment, 2017. USDL-16-2130.
Industrial safety survey, 2013. Industry Safety Benchmarking Survey: 2013 Injury Prevalence and Incidence Rates. National asphalt pavement Association.
Safety Metrics, 2013. Tool and technique for measuring safety performance. Safety Metrics.
Alcumus, 2014. Top ten health and safety risks in construction. Alcumus.
Health working lives, 2014. Recording and Reporting Accidents, Ill Health and Near Misses. [Online] Health working lives. Available at: http://www.healthyworkinglives.com/advice/Legislation-and-policy/Workplace-Health-and-Safety/recording-reporting-accidents#how. [Assessed on: 30 September 2017].
Health working lives, 2014. Recording and Reporting Accidents, Ill Health and Near Misses. [Online] Health working lives. Available at: http://www.healthyworkinglives.com/advice/Legislation-and-policy/Workplace-Health-and-Safety/recording-reporting-accidents#why [Assessed on: 30 September 2017].
Mandt, 2017. Conflict Management and Physical Intervention Training for Retail, Leisure and Hospitality Workers. Maybo by mandt
Natural resources management and environment department, 2012. Reading note: Organizational evaluation. Human Organization, 28(2): 87-99.
Wong, J. C. 2017. Tesla workers were seriously hurt more than twice as often as industry average. Guardian News and Media Limited.
Korosec, K., 2017. Injury rates at Tesla’s auto factory were 31 percent higher than the industry average, report finds. [Online] Vox media. Available on:https://www.theverge.com/2017/5/24/15681472/tesla-model-3-electric-car-factory-injury-rate-worker-safety[Assessed on: 30 September 2017].