Delivery in day(s): 4
BSB51415 Project Management Proof Reading Services
Project management generally refers to the process of managing projects in an efficient way. The process management can be categorized into five major phases which include the initiation phase, planning phase, execution phase, monitoring and controlling phase and lastly the closing phase (Edwards, 2013). This phases are generally maintained in order to achieve certain goals which are responsible for meeting the success criteria’s within the specified budget and within the specified time. A project is generally considered to be an endeavour associated with the designing database so as to produce a particular service or product that consists of a defined ending and beginning time and along with this they are often constrained by the funding or the undertaking so as to meet the unique goals and objectives. These goals and objectives are to be achieved so as to bring certain beneficial changes or added value.
This report would be discussing about the project “Sydney metro: Australia's biggest public transport project”. The major objective of this report is to provide an overview of the background of the project. Besides this the report would also be highlighting the major features of this project along with the strengths and the weaknesses related to the appraisal of this project (Wang et al., 2014). Besides this the report also provides the different type of benefits that are to be incurred after the project is completed. Lastly a literature review has been conducted which depicts the quantification or the benefits of the project.
Background of the project
The NSW government has been associated with investigating the corridor for the Sydney Metro West Project. According to them this new metro rail would be the fastest and the most easiest and reliable journey from Sydney to the Parramatta CBDs. The Government would also be associated with integration of the transport and the usage of the land plan along with the corridor with the new metro railway line that is expected to be built largely underground (Liu & Wilkinson, 2013). This new service would be starting from the year of 2019 in the North West section of the city where there would be trains available in every four minutes during the peak timings of the day. Besides this there is also a planning of expanding the metro rail in the year of 2014 to CBD and beyond to the Bankstown. The Sydney Metro project includes new CBD raiway stations underground at the Martin Place as well as in Pitt Street and Barangaroo. Besides this there would also be a new metro platform under central. By the year of 2024 there would be around 32 new stations in the new rail system of 66 KM which is considered to be the biggest urban rail project of Australian history which would be having the ultimate capacity for the trains with a time interval of two minutes in all directions.
Features and strength, weakness of the appraisal
The most important feature of this project is that a geotechnical investigation would be conducted which would be assisting in the process of planning as well as in the process of designing of the Sydney Metro West (Profillidis, 2016). The major reason lying behind this investigation is for the purpose of determining the ground water along with the condition of ground water along with the strength of the underlying rock over which the project work is to be conducted. The major works included in the project includes the following:
1. Establishment of the temporary sites which would be including the security of the site as well as fencing of the sites, which would be around 2 meters in length and 5 meters in width.
2. The existence of a mobile drill rig for the purpose of drilling boreholes which are below the ground level.
3. The existence of the vacuum evacuation trucks which would be associated with the removal of the spoils from the site (Green & James, 2016).
4. Increasing the movements of the light vehicles.
5. Usage of the hand held monitors by the technicians so as to carry out monitoring of the water level for at least six months.
Befits that are likely to be obtained after and during the completion of the project in a proper way have been listed below:
At the time of ongoing work there would be existing a requirement of temporary parking, traffic and pedestrian changes and for this, there would be existing traffic control along with directorial signage. In addition to this access to the buildings as well as to the driveways would be maintained all the time even when the project work would be conducted (Newman, Kenworthy, & Glazebrook, 2013).
Backfilling of the boreholes would be done along with the reincarnation of the ground surfaces after the project work is completed.
There would be existing a minimal impact of the noise during the ongoing geotechnical works mainly during the standard constructions hours that is from Monday to Friday in between 8 A.M to 6 P.M and in Saturday from 8 A.M to 1 P.M. And in case if some extra works are required then the residents would be informed in advance.
Types of benefits in the appraisal
Types of benefits that re likely to be obtained due to the appraisal has been discussed in this section of the report. This project would be associated with boosting up of the economic activity by almost more than $5 billion in a year and along with this the 66 KM route also be provided. This project would be associated with providing of better connectivity along with opening up of opportunities related to land development. In addition to this improvements would also be observed in the business logistics or in particular for the knowledge-based businesses (Ye, Ni, & Yin, 2013). The major way by which economic boost would be provided includes the following:
1. Increased in the number of jobs improving the access to more jobs for the locals.
2. Would be associated with changing the way in which peoples move all around the city besides decreasing the congestion.
3. Would be associated with allowing the peoples to travel from one key location to other within minutes.
4. Would also be associated with enabling the growth of housing as well as employment along with the growth in Sydney’s Global Economic Corridor in the Bankstown and in Northwest (Pan, 2013).
It is estimated that almost 60% of the people would be working in this project of Global Economic Corridor. Besides this the new metro project would also be associated with helping the peoples in getting connected to this job. Besides this huge flow-on benefits in the productivity as well as in the wages and the state’s overall economic performance is brought due to the investments made in the infrastructure (Elkind, 2014). The infrastructure mainly includes the Sydney Metro, new job profiles and apprenticeships.
Being socially responsible the project while delivering the workforce legacy would be associated with benefiting the individuals, communities as well as to the projects and industry as well. This type of benefit is generally achieved by means of collaboration and partnerships. Sydney metro has been associated with taking active part in the steering committees led by the government as well as in the leadership groups which is associated with helping in the process of shaping the policy decisions (He, Liang, & Fang, 2016). This shaping is generally done in order to achieve the outcomes which are realistic in nature along with being achievable and tangible return. This in turn is associated with making the community and the environment to earn a lot of benefits. Besides this for the purpose of improving the health and wellbeing benefits for the customer’s new pedestrian and cycling connections would be delivered.
Along with this during the construction period tangible benefits would also be provided to the local community groups.
According to Cervero (1994), it is a debatable topic if there is a need of emphasizing upon the rail-based or road-based public transport in the medium sized as well as in the developing countries. A great influence is created upon the mobility patterns due to the sizes of the population as well as due to the density of the population. The sprawl in the urban areas has been associated with creating a significant affect upon the distance travelled along with being associated with hindering the public transport supply. In the urban areas which is having small but dispersed population it is viable to provision the rail based transport. Besides this particularly it is a definite fact that the advantage of the rail-based transport is more than the road-based transport. Particularly it is better to state that the implementation of the new rail systems is a very expensive process as huge costs are required during the construction and the operations related to construction. Decision making process can be guided in a better way by making use of the full cost benefit analysis.
According to Belzer and Autler (2002)and Cervero (2004), with the introduction of the rail-based transits, it is seen that the residents as well as the property owners have experienced an increased rate of mobility. This increase in the mobility has been responsible for making the system to be viewed as one of the amenity and besides there might also occur certain negative nuisance effects. Besides this the metro systems consists of heavy and commuter rail lines. This can be responsible for providing of excessive noise. In addition there is also chances of having the properties affected situated adjacent to the rail lines due to all this nuisances. However by having a thoughtful system design along with a careful selection of the vehicles it is possible to minimize the rate of negative nuisance. As per the conclusion of reviewed studies it can be stated that the accesses to the rails is values and exists very little evidences to depict the proximity of the rail actually decreases the value of the property. In whole it can be stated that the accessibility effect is associated with decreasing the nuisance effect along with creating a net positive affect on the property value that are situated within the walking distance of the rail stations.
According to Kao (1985), the cut and cover is the most common method used for underground construct method. This is generally considered to be an open excavation where it is seen that the structures ate being supported by the retaining walls when it is built which is followed by the backfilling which is placed over the complete facility. The authors have been associated with providing an excellent discussion regarding the designing of the cut and cover excavation.
In addition to this according to Paulson (1982), the structures which are buried relatively at the shallow depths are well suited for the metro constructions conducted underground. This in turn is associated with providing a low cost excavation approach. The major drawback of underground metro construction is that it requires a lot of work area. In case if the space provided for construction is limited and congested then it is essential to adopt less disruptive construction techniques. It is the responsibility of the designer to take certain decisions based upon the construction cost as well as on the relative merits and the other type of constructions which includes the tunnelling, and this might help in reducing the interference in the surface traffic.
This metro construction is associated with providing a lot of new opportunities which are generally developed by making use of highly skilled workforce from the specific region. Besides this the significant amount of training along with education has been associated with contributing a lot towards high standards in the place of delivering the new metro rail project along with the stations and well maintenance facilities. Besides this the new project is also associated with creation of new job opportunities which are sustainable in nature along with ensuring development of certain skill sets which are transferable in nature in the workforce so as to provide a stronger support to the project as well as to the growing economy. Besides this is the major priority of this metro project is to maintain and adopt the best practices related to health and safety standards all across the project. Besides this it should also aim at raising the awareness related to best practices for health and safety at a wider range for the government as well as for the public. It is essential for this project to deliver the outcomes with minimal effect upon the community and this is to done by regular engagement of the community.
1. Belzer, D., & Autler, G. (2002). Transit oriented development: Moving from rhetoric to reality (pp. 06-15). Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy.
2. Cervero, R. (1994). Rail transit and joint development: Land market impacts in Washington, DC and Atlanta. Journal of the American Planning Association, 60(1), 83-94.
3. Cervero, R. (2004). Transit-oriented development in the United States: Experiences, challenges, and prospects (Vol. 102). Transportation Research Board.
4. Edwards, B. (2013). The modern station: new approaches to railway architecture. Taylor & Francis.
5. Elkind, E. N. (2014). Railtown: The fight for the Los Angeles metro rail and the future of the city. Univ of California Press.
6. Green, R. T., & James, D. M. (2016). Rail Transit Station Area Development: Small Area Modeling in Washington DC: Small Area Modeling in Washington DC. Routledge.
7. He, L., Liang, Q., & Fang, S. (2016). Challenges and innovative solutions in urban rail transit network operations and management: China’s Guangzhou metro experience. Urban Rail Transit, 2(1), 33-45.
8. Kao, A. (1985). Literature survey of underground construction methods for application to hardened facilities. SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INST SAN ANTONIO TX.
9. Liu, T., & Wilkinson, S. (2013). Can the pilot public-private partnerships project be applied in future urban rail development? A case study of Beijing Metro Line 4 project. Built Environment Project and Asset Management, 3(2), 250-263.
10. Newman, P., Kenworthy, J., & Glazebrook, G. (2013). Peak car use and the rise of global rail: why this is happening and what it means for large and small cities. Journal of Transportation Technologies, 3.
11. Pan, Q. (2013). The impacts of an urban light rail system on residential property values: a case study of the Houston METRORail transit line. TransportationMarketing Planningand Technology, 36(2), 145-169.
12. Paulson, B. C. (1982). Underground Transit Station Construction in Japan. Journal of the Construction Division, 108(1), 23-37.
13. Profillidis, V. (2016). Railway management and engineering. Routledge.
14. Wang, Q. K., Li, P., Xiao, Y. P., & Liu, Z. G. (2014). Integration of GIS and BIM in Metro Construction. In Applied Mechanics and Materials (Vol. 608, pp. 698-702). Trans Tech Publications.
15. Ye, X. W., Ni, Y. Q., & Yin, J. H. (2013). Safety monitoring of railway tunnel construction using FBG sensing technology. Advances in Structural Engineering, 16(8), 1401-140