ENS6152 Steel Design Assignment Help
Delivery in day(s): 3
The free cash flows of the company will be calculated after deducting all the cash outflows for cash invested in various operations of company from cash inflows from those operations (Tuominen, 2015). The following table shows the calculation for the same:
Calculation of free cash flow 

Year 
Cash Inflow 
Cash Outflow 
Net cash flow from operations 
2006 
2014 
300 
1714 
2007 
2057 
380 
1677 
2008 
2095 
442 
1653 
2009 
2107 
470 
1637 
After 2009 


1637 
This is represented as an enterprise valuation method based on which the attractiveness of an opportunity of investment in a company is analyzed. The method utilizes the future cash flows of the company while making certain projections about them and then discounting them using an appropriate discounting rate in order to arrive at the present value of those cash flows from the company. However if the cash flows become constant after a certain point of time then Gordon’s method is used in order to estimate the long term valuation of company (Berzkalne & Zelgalve, 2014).
In this case there is no growth in the cash flows of the company after year 2009 and therefore no growth opportunity is used to increase the cash flow of the company.
Calculation of enterprise value 

Year 
Cash Inflow 
Cash Outflow 
Net cash flow from operations 
P.V factor (9%) 
Present value of cash flows 
2006 
2014 
300 
1714 
0.917 
1571.738 
2007 
2057 
380 
1677 
0.841 
1410.357 
2008 
2095 
442 
1653 
0.772 
1276.116 
2009 
2107 
470 
1637 
0.708 
1158.996 
After 2009 


1637 

18188 
Enterprise value 
23605 
Working Note:
Applying Gordon’s model we get,
Value = D1/Ke
= 1637/.09 = 18188
The equity value of the company can be represented as the current market value of the common stock of company in current business scenario. The equity value thus represents the current market price of the share of company multiplied by the number of equity shares outstanding of the company (Abhayawansa, et. al., 2015).
Equity value of company = Number of shares outstanding * Share price per share
= 369 million shares * $47 = $17343 million
In this case the cash flows will increase at the rate of 3% perpetually for the indefinite number of years and thus the growth in cash flow will be 3%.
Calculation of free cash flow 

Year 
Cash Inflow 
Cash Outflow 
Net cash flow from operations 
2006 
2014 
300 
1714 
2007 
2057 
380 
1677 
2008 
2095 
442 
1653 
2009 
2107 
470 
1637 
After 2009 


Growth at the rate of 3% every year 
The enterprise value in this case will be calculated by applying Gordon’s model for analyzing the growth opportunity of the company for unlimited number of years (Abhayawansa, et. al., 2015). It considers the opportunity of growth in cash inflows and then the value of enterprise is calculated.
Calculation of enterprise value 

Year 
Cash Inflow 
Cash Outflow 
Net cash flow from operations 
P.V factor (9%) 
Present value of cash flows 
2006 
2014 
300 
1714 
0.917 
1571.738 
2007 
2057 
380 
1677 
0.841 
1410.357 
2008 
2095 
442 
1653 
0.772 
1276.116 
2009 
2107 
470 
1637 
0.708 
1158.996 
After 2009 


Growth @ 3% every year after 2009 

28100 
Enterprise value 
33517 
Working Note:
Here in this case cash inflows of the company will be increased by 3% after 2009 perpetually for indefinite number of years and therefore growth factor will be considered in this case (Toll & Hering, 2017).
Applying Gordon’s model we get,
Value = D1/Ke – g
= 1686/ (.09.03) = 28100
Calculation of equity value:
Equity value of company = Number of shares outstanding * Share price per share
= 369 million shares * $47 = $17343 million
Value of share – The value of share is represented the worth of share or the value represented by it in current market conditions and scenarios by considering the enterprise value. The same is calculated by dividing the enterprise value by the number of common outstanding shares of the company (Solovyev, 2016).
Value per share = Enterprise value/ No. of shares outstanding
= $23605 million / 369 million shares = $63.970 per share.
Value to price ratio – It is represented by the ratio of value of share of the company and the price of share of company in the market.
Value to price ratio = Value per share: Price per share
= 63.970:47
Value per share = Enterprise value/ No. of shares outstanding
= $33517 million / 369 million shares = $90.83 per share
Value to price ratio = Value per share: Price per share
= 90.83: 47
Method 1:
Free cash flow = Net operating income after tax – net financial expenses – net payment to shareholders of company
= 2740.1 – 147.1 – 3405.9 = $813 million
Method 2:
Free Cash Flow = Net Operating Profit after Taxes (NOPAT)  Net investment in operating capital
Calculation of free cash flow
Particular 
Amount($) 
Net operating profit after tax 
2740.1 
Less: Net investment in operating capital 

Increase in operating assets 
1260.8 
Increase in financial assets 
11.9 
Add: Net cash inflow from operating capital 

Increase in operating liabilities 
84.6 
Increase in financial obligations 
2101 
Cash flow from operations 
3653 
The free cash flows in this case will be calculated by deducting the interest payments after considering the tax benefit by them from the cash flows of the company from a certain period of time. Also the cash invested in different investing activities will also be considered for the same (Solovyev, 2016).
Free cash flow = Cash flow operations – Interest payments after tax – cash outflow on investing activities
= 2429 – (142.4*.634) – 898
= 2429 – 90.28 – 898
= $1440.72 million
1.Abhayawansa, S., Aleksanyan, M. and Bahtsevanoglou, J. (2015). The use of intellectual capital information by sellside analysts in company valuation. Accounting and Business Research, 45(3), pp. 279306.
2.Berzkalne, I. and Zelgalve, E. (2014). Intellectual capital and company value. ProcediaSocial and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 110, pp. 887896.
3.Solovyev, V. (2016). Comparison of discounted cash flow and economic value added valuation methods: Protect company LLC.
4.Toll, C. and Hering, T. (2017). Valuation of Company Merger from the Shareholders’ Point of View. The Amfiteatru Economic Journal, vol. 19(46), pp. 836836.
5.Tuominen, S. (2015). Brand Valuation–Comparison of two Valuation Methods. In Proceedings of the 2008 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference . Springer, Cham. pp. 128132.