Scotland Waste Management Assignment

Scotland Waste Management Assignment

Introduction

With increasing concerns over the amount of waste and deterioration of the environment year after year, it became imperative for the world nations to act responsibly so that they preserve the nature for the future generations. The natural resources are limited and it is up to every nation and every individual for that matter to take up the responsibility of utilizing the limited available resources in a responsible manner. Scotland is one country that has made tremendous improvement as far as waste disposal is concerned. The amount of waste that is disposed off to the landfill sites has reduced dramatically at the same time improvement in recycling levels has increased. The government gave strong support to the initiatives in achieving the recycling rates that are in par with the European standards. There have been numerous legislation which have given the power to the government to tackle various issues related to waste management. The government also has setup a Zero Waste Scotland program which primarily deals with waste management.  But there is still a long way o go, the people should be sensitized of the fact that everything that they dispose of is a resource and should be made use whenever possible. By means of Zero Waste Scotland program the government aims at maximizing the usage of all the waste materials that are thrown away and recycle them to make use of the available resources in the best possible manner.

Zero Waste Plan

Zero Waste Scotland Scotland Waste Management Assignment

The plan was developed by the Scottish Government after several consultations with the public in the year of 2009. During these public consultations it was visible that there were several concerns that affected the public life and during these discussions several genuine concerns were raised. There were varied opinions on some of the issues but in most of the case it was seen that there was unanimity in decisions. The important part here was that even though everyone had a different perspective on the immediate issues that have to be addressed, everyone was enthusiastic about having a Zero Waste Plan by the government (Holmes, John R.t, 1984). This massive exercise of public consultation has resulted in prioritizing the issues and coming up with a strong vision for the program. From the responses received, the magnitude of the exercise was clear and it was quite evident that such a program cannot be a success unless there is a strong support and leadership from the Scottish Government. Local authorities and various public sector organizations have assured their support for the program and have been delegated the responsibility of leading the program in the respective areas. The biggest challenge that the government now faces is the fact that this program essentially calls for a change in mindset of each and every citizen. Even though many organizations have taken the lead by showing interest in the program, it needs to be seen how far they would carry this and the level of adoption of the program across various organizations in the country. For a country that produces more than 20 million tons of waste every year, the opportunities for waste management is equally exciting and challenging. More than half of this waste that is being disposed may be used later rather than spending money on new resources (Diaz, Luis F., George M. Savage, Linda L. Eggerth, and Clarence G. Golueke, 1996). Thus this gave the businesses of the country a new opportunity in driving down the costs and thus gaining a strategic competitive advantage. Other than these economic gains, there are several compelling environmental reasons for the reuse of waste materials. The re use and reduction in the usage of the available resources directly impacted the climate change. This was evident from the fact that whenever such initiatives are taken then it reduces the greenhouse gases methane from the landfill sites. The Zero Waste Disposal program would also help Scotland achieve the targets set by European Union. Read about Rural Health Nursing Assignment Help

Impacts of the Zero Waste Program

With the implementation of this program there are many benefits that the country would enjoy. One of the most important factors that may be used to attract the businesses in participating in the event may be by demonstrating the economic savings that these companies can make with respect to the current sending on new purchases. Moreover the businesses would learn how to effectively utilize the resources (DiGregorio, Michael, 1994). Other than this economic aspect, the country’s impact o the environment as a whole would be reduced to dramatically low levels after the complete implementation of the program. By reducing the use of primary materials the country would be able to sustain in the international arena for a longer period as far as the primary resource consumption is concerned. The program would also speed up the process of adoption of the Climate change Act that was passed in 2009 and reach the target of reducing the greenhouse gases by 42 % in the next 10 years.

One of the main challenges as far as the processes are concerned is that they should first identify the best treatment method that can help them in maximizing the efficiency of the process. By adoption of such a program the country would have a strong national stance as far as environmental programs are concerned. In this program it was agreed that the Scottish Government would work with Scottish Environment Protection Agency, This is done in order to ensure that they frame a regulatory framework that would help them in implementing energy efficient ways of operation (Denison, Richard A., and John Ruston, 1991). The program has a long term vision of changing the way in which Scotland manages the waste disposal in a productive manner. There are four areas across which immediate action would be taken. Read about Ethical Decision Making in Healthcare

  • Resource Streams
  • Economic Opportunity
  • Management of Resources
  • Creating Awareness and education.

The Action Plan

There are several actions that are planned by the government of Scotland with regard to the Program. The program would try and identify he sectors and streams that generate huge amounts of waste and establish definite framework for each sector to achieve the targets. This is in fact taking forward many previous initiatives like the commitments given by the construction industry to reduce the landfill waste by half (Bhide, A. D., and B.B. Sundaresan,1994). The governments also aim at giving increased support for the reprocessing of plastics and develop similar programs in case of other materials as well. The program also aims at improving the working conditions and the safety requirements of those who work in the field of human resource management. Unless and until the program is adopted at the grass root levels, the sustainability of the program over a longer period of time is doubtful. Thus the government aims at helping out households and other businesses in managing their waste in an efficient manner. This initiative by the government would ensure a wider acceptance and participation I the program thus helping them develop a strong grass root program. Local authorities were given the responsibility to monitor the whole process of reviewing the success of the existing programs and bringing about changes in the plans based on the reviews obtained. This program world also increase the recycle on the go opportunities which would help changing the mindset of the people and help the local authorities in developing strong and effective framework to work with. The government also plans to partner with many training agencies to train various employees on effective waste management.

Conclusion

The step taken by the government of Scotland has been very bold and refreshing. But it needs a strong will power and vision from the government so that the implementation is equally effective as that of the proposal. The goals ahead are quite challenging and the government has to ensure that they would continuously improve on the waste prevention and the effective usage of the waste products. The country has already started with several initiatives and it has to strongly back it up with a solid Zero Waste program that can improve the energy efficiency of the nation. The plan is great in terms of its future vision of having a waste free Scotland and the success of this plan is very essential in helping the country attain its goal. The plan does require hard core commitment from the government in making policy changes and implementation. It is quite clear that the government would require the help of other agencies in helping them attain the goals. Overall by this initiative Scotland would be able to make a direct impact on the climate change by reducing the greenhouse gases and sticking to the limits set by the European Union.

References

  • American Public Works Association. Refuse Collection Practice. Chicago: Public Administration Service, 1975 (fourth edition).
  • Bartone, Carl, Janis Bernstein, Josef Leitmann, and Jochen Eigen. Toward Environmental Strategies for Cities: Policy Considerations for Urban Environmental Management in Developing Countries. Urban Management Programme Policy Paper No. 18. Washington: World Bank, 1994.
  • Batstone, Roger, James E. Smith, Jr., and David Wilson, eds. The Safe Disposal of Hazardous Wastes: The Special Needs and Problems of Developing Countries, World Bank Technical Paper Number 93. Washington: World Bank, 1989.
  • Bhide, A. D., and B.B. Sundaresan. Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries. New Delhi: Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre, 1983.
  • Denison, Richard A., and John Ruston (Environmental Defense Fund). Recycling and Incineration: Evaluating the Choices. Washington: Island Press, 1991.
  • Diaz, Luis F., George M. Savage, Linda L. Eggerth, and Clarence G. Golueke, Solid Waste Management for Economically Developing Countries. Copenhagen: International Solid Waste Association, 1996.
  • DiGregorio, Michael, Urban Harvest. Recycling as a Peasant Industry in Northern Vietnam. East-West Center Occasional Papers, Environment Series, No. 17. Honolulu: East-West Center, 1994.
  • Holmes, John R., ed. Managing Solid Wastes in Developing Countries. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 1984.