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Diabetes is a chronic medical condition which affects 25.8 million people in the United States alone. This is about 8.3% of the country’s total population. Close to 1.9 million were diagnosed in 2010 with diabetes, according to a recent study. Diabetes ketoacidosis is one of the direst complications of diabetes and along with hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state is one of the two life threatening complications arising from diabetes. DKA is caused by an acute lack of insulin in the patient’s body and has been categorized as a complex metabolic disorder which requires immediate diagnosis, adequate treatment and constant monitoring of the patient. It is found to occur most prevalently in patients suffering from hyperglycemia, anion gap metabolic acidosis, and hyperketonemia. Most patients who afflicted by DKA have Type 1 diabetes, while about one third of the patients have Type 2 diabetes. Annually DKA is estimated occur between five to eight episodes per 1,000 diabetics and causes about 68,000 emergency department (ED) visits every year on an average. Less than 5% of the patients who enter emergency rooms/departments in due time have the risk of the complication becoming fatal. The highest mortality rate from DKA is witnessed in elderly persons and in patients suffering from myocardial infarctions and pneumonia. The treatment for DKA is majorly based on fluid repletion and insulin administration and is aimed at restoring the hemodynamic level to a normal rate while at the same time reducing the metabolic acidosis. DKA treatment also involves the close overseeing of concentrations of glucose in the patient’s body, vital signs, and electrolytes. This is done in order to prevent complications from arising due to DKA treatment. If you need emergency care nursing assignment help, geriatric care nursing assignment help or nursing assignment help in any field then contact us at the nursing assignment help site.
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