Indo-China Geographic Cultural Difference Essay

This Indo-China Geographic Cultural Difference Essay which describes Differences between India and china political and economical differences.

Indo-China Geographic Cultural Difference - Introduction

India and China are amongst the two countries of the world that are developing at a very fast pace. More or less the strengths that two countries possess are quiet similar - “Population and geographic spread”. In this essay author intends to discuss and provide its view point on the topic – “Is geography of India or china more conducive to cultural, economic and political Unity (Wolpert, 2005). Geographically India is spread and devided into 28 states and 7 Union territories with each state having its own state level government, its separate culture, religion, language and beliefs. Also In total, India has more than 1500 various recognized languages being spoken in different regions of the country. Whereas China has it divided into 23 provinces (Gwillim, 2005). The Writer shall discuss the differences both countries have in its cultural, political and economic background in detail and after that he shall be providing his view point as to which country’s Geography is more favourable for cultural political and economic unity. Along with this author shall also explain and justify the reason for his choice / view point.

Indo-China Geographic Cultural Difference Essay

Cultural differences india and china

Both countries are spread over a wide geographical area with a huge population of humans being the inhabitants of the country. Although cultures of both counties are very different, similarities as well can be seen in a few beliefs and value systems like - the culture of being family oriented with people living in joint families, Children taking care of their old parents, youth of the countries having an attitude that wants to bring about change for betterment of country, festivals and happy occasions being celebrated in unison, people being very social (Wolpert, 2005). With India having its people following Hinduism, Muslim, Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism and Jainism, Chinese follow two major religions Shenism – Taoism and Buddhism. What is noteworthy as a difference between cultures of two countries is the fact that China has evolved itself from the rigid and unnecessary bifurcation of cast and religion system where as India is yet to have this attitude sink in with reservations still in place (Lancaster, 2005).

[caption id="attachment_6513" align="aligncenter" width="282"]Indo-China Geographic Cultural Difference Essay         Cultural differences India and china[/caption]

Economic differences

China in the current times is moving at a much faster pace than India as far as the economic development is concerned. China’s Total GDP in 2008 - the latest year for which confirmed World Bank statistics are available - was more than twice of India. This can be credited to the centricity towards economic development being shown by Chinese way ahead of Indians. Economic reform in China began way back in 1978 and Indians had the beginning of their economic reform in year 1991 – almost 13 years after China (Saalman, 2011). China also continues to attract vastly more foreign direct investment, by a factor of 2.5, though India has been catching up in this area.  India as a democratic nation has divided its economic development state wise as well as centrally. With the states having its own government sub divisions, the business operation and business earnings as well are accounted for in the same way in India. China is the World’s Second largest Economy to United States. From its founding till late 1978, republic of China was soviet style centrally planned economy without any private sector industries into existence (Graham, 2003).

Political differences

[caption id="attachment_6514" align="aligncenter" width="288"]Indo-China Geographic Cultural Difference Essay Political differences[/caption]

There are very many differences in the political state of the two countries with India being a democratic nation and China being communist dictatorship. Although communist approach has its own drawbacks for China as a country, this communist dictator ship approach led business of China to come out of the differentiation of caste and creed and get to the thought of Educational Attainment being road to success (Suisheng, 2000). Politically India has a central ruling party which governs other states ruling party. In total there are 15 plus political parties that exist (Panagariya, 2008). From these one gets to be the ruling party on India basis their majority ruling in the other states and whichever party has won in a respective state has to agree to all the decisions made by the central ruling party whereas in china the government is communist. Communist government are usually able to take decision and implement it quickly within the system as they have the sole authority of decision making.

Writers view point

Considering various facts, figures and scenarios that have been discussed above, the author believes that the geographical conditions of China are more conducive to Economic, political and cultural unity as compared to India. India still has huge differences prevailing in language, caste, creed, religion, culture political parties and their decision making and economy structure. Apart from this India is a democratic nation which is for the people, by the people and of the people (Panagariya, 2008).  When such decisions are based on the consensus of a huge group it becomes a time consuming activity as well.

Justification and explanation

With a larger cultural, linguistic, political and economic differences prevailing in India which keeps changing at every minute distance in this geographically wide spread country, India’s geography proves to be lesser conducive towards economic, political and cultural unity (Panagariya, 2008). Moreover India is a democratic nation and china being a communist bringing about this unity in culture, politics and economy is an easier task for Chinese ruling government than Indian government.

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It is a proven fact that bringing about change is not an easy task and when this change is required to be implemented on a large scale, the more difficult it becomes. The topic of the Indo-China Geographic Cultural Difference Essay requires bringing in of political economic and cultural unity in an entire country as decision was to be made as to geography of which of the two countries is more favourable for doing this (Saalman, 2011). This unity is something that requires involvement of the population of the entire country and would be a time consuming activity but after studying the given conditions, Author concludes that the geographical conditions of china are more suitable that the geographical conditions of India.


  • Gwillim, L. (2005). Provinces of China. Retrieved 28 Oct 2012.
  • Peter, F. Suisheng, Z. (2000). China and Democracy: Reconsidering the Prospects for a Democratic China. Pp 90-120.
  • Saalman, L. (2011). Divergence, Similarity and Symmetry in Sino-Indian Threat Perceptions. 64. Journal of International Affairs. p. 125.
  • Graham, H (2003). Modern China: A Guide to a Century of Change. Harvard University Press, pp.459.
  • Wolpert, S. (2005). India, University of CaliforniaPress, Berkeley, pp. 1-22.
  • Lancaster, J. (2005). "India, China Hoping to 'Reshape the World Order' Together". The Washington Post.
  • Panagariya, A, (2008). India: The Emerging Giant. Oxford University Press. p. 514.