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Business Macro Economics Assignment Brief
This assignment is based on business macro economics in which we define the effect of inflation on demand and supply, economics policy
- Illustrate and explain with diagrams the difference between demand-pull and cost-push inflation;
- Provide (describe) two (2) causes of each type of inflation
An economy is currently in equilibrium and the following figures refer to elements in its national accounts:
- What is the current equilibrium level of GDP?
- What is the level of injections?
- What is the level of withdrawals?
- Assuming that tax revenues are $7 billion, what is the value of savings?
- If GDP now rises to $80 billion and, as a result, the consumption of domestically produced goods rises to $58 billion, what is the MPd? (i.e. marginal propensity to consume domestic goods)
- What is the value of the multiplier?
- Given an initial level of GDP of $80 billion, assume that spending on exports rises by $4 billion, spending on investment rises by $1 billion, while government expenditure falls by $2 billion. By how much will GDP change?
- Which of the following are final goods and services and which are intermediate goods and services? Please explain why in your answer.
- A new bulldozer to be used by a construction company;
- A windscreen purchased by a motor vehicle spare parts supplier:
- A home call car tuning service as a franchise of large national chain;
- Coking coal
- An economy produces final goods and services with a market value of S900 billion in a given year, but only $875 billion worth of goods and services is sold to domestic or foreign buyers. Is this nation’s GDP $900 billion or $875 billion? Explain your answer.
- Explain why a new truck sold for use by a transport company is a final good, even though it is a fixed investment (capital) used to produce other goods. Should the value of this truck then be added to GDP or should only the goods it transports be included in GDP?
The following are the various elements within a nations balance of payments account:
- Imports of goods
- Exports of goods
- Imports of services
- Exports of services
- Other income outflows
- Other income inflows
- Capital transfers sent overseas from the nation
- Capital transfers to the nation from overseas
- The nation’s investments overseas
- Investment in the nation from overseas
- Short-term financial outflows
- Short-term financial inflows
- Adding to reserves
- Drawing on reserves
Into which of the above categories would you put the following?
- DVD recorders imported into the nation from Japan;
- Insurance cover purchased in the nation by overseas residents;
- The nation gives overseas aid to a developing country;
- A US car company sets up a factory in the nation;
- Some of the nation’s residents take a holiday in Bali;
- Interest earned by the nation & residents on overseas assets;
- Running down the stock of foreign exchange in the Central Bank of the nation;
- Migrants to the nation transferring property to the nation;
- New deposits made in banks in the nation by overseas residents:
- The nation’s palm oil is sold in the United Kingdom.
Which of the following would cause a growth in the money supply? Answer yes, no, or possibly and explain your answer in each case (i.e. please provide reasons).
- The purchase of government securities from banks;
- An increase in interest rates;
- An increase in government expenditure. financed by borrowing from the banking sector;
- The purchase of government securities by the Central Bank from the banking sector;
- It is agreed by the Treasurer anti the Governor of the Central Bank to reduce the target rate of inflation
Using the aggregate demand — aggregate supply (AD-AS) diagram, show how the four economic events would affect economic activity and the price level. (Note: use a separate AD-AS diagram for each event)
- An improvement in the marketing and selling skills of firm managers:
- An decrease in personal income tax;
- An increase in imports accompanied by an increase in exports;
- A significant destruction in an economy’s capital stock because of natural disaster;
- Do you think that macro-economic policy should be designed to achieve a measured unemployment rate of zero? Why or why not should this be the case?
- How did the classical economists interpret long-run unemployment?
- How does structural and cyclical unemployment differ and how concerned should policymakers be about these types of unemployment?
Nominate two areas or issues of concern in your home nation’s economy. Illustrate and explain using suitable diagrams some policy options or adjustments that could be employed to correct for these perceived issues of concern.
- The consumer price index (i.e. CPI) is the most commonly used measure of changes in the general level of prices in Australia. Discuss some of the advantages and disadvantages of using this measure.
- Explain why some people ‘lose’ from inflation and why do some people ‘win’ from inflation?